Understanding Zika Virus – Zika virus infection is transmitted through the bite of Aedes mosquito that has been infected. This type of mosquito is the same as a mosquito that spread dengue and chikungunya fever. In other words, this virus can spread easily in Indonesia.

The Zika virus was first discovered in monkeys that lived in the forests of Zika, Uganda, East Africa, in 1947. It was from this forest that it got its name. Since then, there have been Zika outbreaks several times in several countries around the world.

Zica virus infection during pregnancy is associated with miscarriage and microcephaly. Microcephaly itself is a congenital aberration in which the baby’s head size is smaller than it should be.

Infants with microcephaly can grow normally. But in most cases can cause growth disorders, such as motor disorders, speech disorders, to intellectual impairment. In addition to microcephaly, the Zika virus can also cause the Guillain-Barre syndrome.


Diagnosis of Zika Virus

Your doctor will usually ask you about your disease and travel history. Therefore, make sure you remember details about the trip, such as the countries visited, visit dates, and contacts with mosquitoes. Also, ask your doctor about Zika virus tests applicable in your area.

If you are a pregnant woman who has just traveled to the Zika outbreak area, it is recommended to do the test 2-12 weeks after return.


Symptoms  of Zika Virus

Four of the five people infected with Zika had no signs or symptoms. If there are symptoms, it usually begins two to seven days after being bitten by a mosquito.

Common signs and symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, and joint pain. Also, Zika virus can also cause headaches and red eyes (conjunctivitis).

Treatment of Zika Virus

No specific therapy or treatment can be done to overcome the virus infection, Zika.

If infected with this virus, the handling is almost the same as handling due to other viral infections: plenty of rest, drinking enough water, and with drugs-such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, etc.) to deal with fever and joint pain.

Cause of Zika Virus

The cause of Zika’s disease is the Zika virus. The virus is transmitted through the bite of Aedes mosquitoes, especially Aedes aegypti species.

These mosquitoes love to lay their eggs in stagnant water, such as puddles of rain on the streets, in flower pots, and bathtubs in the bathroom. These mosquitoes, in general, are often biting humans during the day, both indoors and outdoors.

Spread through sexual contact and blood transfusion have also been reported.


Prevention of Zika Virus

Until now, a not yet available vaccine that can prevent the disease Zika virus. But the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends pregnant women not to travel to the Zika outbreak area. If you are going to plan to get pregnant, consult your doctor about your travel plans and the risk of getting the virus.

If you have a spouse, who lives or have traveled to the Zika outbreak area, avoids having sex during pregnancy or use a condom during intercourse.

If you live and are traveling to the tropics where many Zika viruses are developing, the most important thing is to prevent mosquito bites. Here are the tips:

  • Stay in a place that has air conditioning.
  • Use a mosquito repellent cream.
  • Use an insecticide already listed in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as it is safe for pregnant and lactating women.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers in light or bright colors.
  • Sleeping with mosquito net.
  • Drain potential places into puddles.
  • Apply permethrin on clothes, sheets, sheaths and pillows, and other items.