Understanding Vaginitis – Vaginitis is an inflammation that occurs in the vagina usually this inflammation is also accompanied by vulvar inflammation called vulvovaginitis. A common cause of this disease is the imbalance between the number of normal microorganisms with other microorganisms that cause inflammation. Although it sounds scary, exposed to vaginitis is not the end of everything. Because if handled appropriately, this disease can actually heal in a fairly short time.

For women, of course, vaginal health is always a priority in daily activities. Therefore, if there is any peculiarities or unusual things in the area, you can certainly know right away. Notice, is there a discoloration on your whiteness? Or does the area of ​​the vagina feel itchy and painful when urinating? If so, be careful and check immediately, because it may include symptoms of vaginitis.

bacterial vaginosis

Generally, vaginitis occurs in adult women and rarely occurs in women who have not experienced puberty, aka not yet menstruating. The percentage occurrence of each type is about 40-50% bacterial vaginosis, 20-25% vaginal candidiasis, and 15-20% trichomoniasis. By age, women who are often affected by this disease are middle-aged women and women who have been sexually active.

Diagnosis of Vaginitis

To ensure vaginitis, doctors need to do some checks, such as:

  • Ask about previous disease history including history of sexual activity you’ve ever done.
  • Checking the body, where the doctor will take samples from duh / vaginal discharge so it can be further investigated the cause of vaginitis that you experience.
  • Pelvic examination. In this examination, your doctor will use the speculum to see if your vagina is inflamed and there is abnormal vaginal discharge.

Symptoms of Vaginitis

Some of the signs and symptoms that can be found are:

  • Whitish discolored (normal whitish milk-white) and smelly;

Generally, there is a distinctive whitish odor and color of each type, such as:

  • Bacterial vaginosis. In this type can be found whitish gray and foul-often described as a fishy smell, and generally, this arises after sexual intercourse.
  • Fungal infections (candidiasis vaginal). In this type, it will generally appear itching in the area around the vagina and can be found whitish that resembles the color of cheese
  • Trichomoniasis. In this type can be found whitish greenish yellow and sometimes accompanied by foam.
  • The vagina feels itchy;
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain during urination;
  • Vaginal bleeding.

Treatment of Vaginitis

Treatment is generally different and is based on the type of vaginitis you suffer for the healing to work more specifically.

  • Bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. For this type, your doctor will give you an antibiotic drug can be an oral drug (drink) or gel/cream that will be applied to your vagina. Usually, the doctor will perform a special test first before giving this antibiotic, because it is not uncommon in some cases, antibiotics can cause allergies.
  • Fungal infections (candidiasis vaginal). For this type, the doctor will provide anti-fungal either in the form of oral medication (drinking), cream, and suppositories (drugs that are inserted directly into the vagina).
  • Non-infectious vaginitis. For this type of treatment, you need to avoid the things that cause the occurrence of vaginitis.

Atrophic Vaginitis

Cause of Vaginitis

Inflammation of the vagina is commonly caused by bacterial, fungal or viral infections. You should remember that not all infections that cause vaginitis are Sexually Transmitted Diseases, although some STDs can indeed cause vaginitis. Also, the disease can also be caused by decreased estrogen levels after menopause. The chemicals contained in soap and clothing may be the cause of this inflammation. The cause of the occurrence of vaginosis is distinguished by the type of vaginosis itself. Here is the explanation:

  • Bacterial vaginosis is caused by a normal bacterial imbalance in the vagina. Bacteria that allow this to happen include Gardnerella vaginal, Mobiluncus sp., Mycoplasma hominis, and Peptostreptococcus sp.
  • Fungal infections (candidiasis vaginal). In this species, some of the causes are Candida albicans fungal infections, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata. Other risk factors that contribute to the transmission of this infection include the use of oral contraceptives, IUDs, early childhood sex, the frequent frequency of sex, and other accompanying illnesses.
  • Trichomoniasis. Type is caused by the presence of parasites in your vagina and is usually transmitted through sexual intercourse.
  • Non-infectious vaginitis. This type can be caused by the use of a special soap of scented female areas and contain detergents that trigger the occurrence of allergies/irritation of the vulva and vaginal tissue. Also, the use of foreign objects such as tampons and also tissue containing perfume can be one of the triggers.

The body has mechanisms to maintain the balance of microorganisms (flora) present in the vagina; which includes lactobacilli, corynebacteria, and fungi. However, the normal number of these microorganisms may change, due to several factors, such as:

  • Age
  • Sexual activity
  • Hormonal changes
  • Factor of personal hygiene
  • The presence of an accompanying skin disease


Prevention of Vaginitis

In general, the prognosis (likely to be cured) of this disease is classified as dubia ad bona (good). However, vaginal infections can repeatedly occur if not addressed properly and quickly. Vaginitis that is not resolved quickly and appropriately can be an “intermediary” for the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. Also, if not treated promptly and quickly, this disease can lead to endometritis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), premature birth, and low birth weight.

Well, that was the symptoms and treatment of vaginosis you should know. Maybe useful!

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