Understanding Toothache Disease – Toothache is a toothache pain caused by various things.

Pain occurs because of possible disturbances in tooth structure, gums, and alveolar bone as a tooth-supporting tissue, and during tooth growth.


Diagnosis of Toothache Disease

To determine the diagnosis of a toothache, the dentist needs to do a direct examination.

Not uncommon for the certainty of dental conditions, also required investigation. Examinations that can be performed include periapical radiographs (full-tooth picture images cover multiple teeth from crown to root tip to the surrounding jawbone) or panoramic rays (photographs showing the entire tooth tissue).

Symptoms  of Illness Toothache

Although both cause pain, different tooth pain includes several symptoms, such as:

  1. Dental caries, which is divided into three, namely:
  • Email carries tooth decay that concerns the enamel layer of the tooth, which is the outermost layer and most strongly translucent color (transparent).

Symptoms that appear can be a pain that arises when eating food/beverages with cold or hot temperature, or sweet foods. After the hot, cold, or sweet stimuli are gone, the pain immediately goes away.

  • Dentin caries, is a tooth decay that has been about the dentine layer, the second layer under the enamel, yellow, and more sensitive to stimulation.

Symptoms that arise when exposed to stimulation is a pain that will last a few minutes and then disappears. In general, it will hurt if the area is disturbed conceded food.

  • Profundity caries, namely tooth decay that has reached the pulp chamber. The pulp chamber is a cavity inside the tooth that contains the nerves, blood vessels, and lymph vessels (lymph vessels).

If the damage has penetrated the pulp chamber, it will arise spontaneous, pulsating, and can disrupt the night’s sleep.

  1. Tooth abscesses and gum abscesses occur when deep carious teeth do not get proper and adequate treatment, they have an infection. Usually, there will be a white lump in the gums containing pus.
  2. Tooth cracked syndrome, which is a breakdown of the enamel and dentine layers that cause a toothache when chewing food.
  3. Dental growth disorders of the youngest commonly called the impact of wisdom teeth. The youngest teeth whose growth is blocked by the neighboring teeth can cause inflammation around the wisdom crown of the teeth called pericoronitis. This inflammation can cause pain.
  4. The residual infection of the tooth root occurs when the rest of the tooth root is infected. Gums around the roots of teeth can become inflamed and cause pain.
  5. Sensitive teeth, the most common cause of sensitive teeth is decreased gums so that some of the tooth roots are exposed. When exposed to cold or hot stimuli will cause a sense of pain.

Treatment of Disease Toothache

To deal with a toothache usually depends on the type of disorder that appears. For example, to treat dental caries, both enamel caries, and dental caries, doctors usually do tooth fillings.

As for the dentin caries in the deep, with dentin that only a thin layer, it is necessary to do the cape pulp first. Pulp capping is the provision of a layer containing calcium hydroxide over a thin dentine layer to stimulate the formation of a new dentine layer. After two weeks, new teeth can be closed with permanent fillings.

Meanwhile, to handle deep caries, it is necessary to do the root canal treatment. After complete root treatment, new patching or crowning is made.

Tooth abscesses can be treated by prescribing antibiotics by the dentist. After that to maintain the teeth, it is necessary to do the root canal treatment.

Handling of cracked tooth syndrome is highly dependent on the tooth crack line. If the crack line reaches only enamel and dentin, then the procedure can be done as in the filling action. When the crack line reaches the pulp chamber, it can be done root canal treatment.

The pain during the wisdom tooth growth can be overcome by eliminating the surrounding gum inflammation by giving medicine. But not infrequently the pain will come back. Therefore, the dentist will conduct a thorough examination. When needed, doctors may suggest removal of wisdom teeth to prevent back tooth pain.

The remaining roots of infected teeth can be treated with prescription anti-inflammatory drugs. After the inflammation subsides, it can be removed from the root of the tooth.

To eliminate a toothache caused by sensitive teeth must be known the first cause. A toothache due to the erosion of tooth root can be overcome with dental fillings. For daily home care, you can use a special toothpaste for sensitive teeth as well as brush your teeth with a toothbrush with a soft feather tip.

Toothache treatment

Cause of Disease Toothache

8 causes of the most common toothache, as well as what you can do to overcome them.

  1. Sensitive teeth

If you experience sharp pain every time you eat or drink something hot or cold, a tooth can be the cause of your toothache. However, this can also be a sign that you may have sensitive teeth; either because of the recession of the gums (gum line recedes to cause tooth root surface to open) or tooth enamel thinning. Dental treatments, such as rotten tooth removal, braces or dentures, can also cause teeth to become sensitive.

While waiting for a dentist’s appointment to confirm the cause of your sensitive teeth, use a soft toothbrush and toothpaste specifically designed for sensitive teeth to help ease the symptoms – no more than twice a day. Or, use toothpaste as an ointment by applying it to the sore tooth area for about 10 minutes (repeat if needed). You can also use painkillers to dampen the pain temporarily.


  1. The habit of grinding the teeth

Gearing your teeth regularly can cause damage to the nerves, which ultimately lead to complaints of pain in your teeth. Most people can not realize that they make this habit, especially done during sleep. Emotional stress and tension are the main causes of grinding habits in your teeth.

Currently, no cure will help you to stop teeth, but the dentist can provide a kind of retainer (stirring retail) that you can use during sleep to calm the symptoms and stop you from causing further damage. Often this habit can stop as your stress trigger goes, so you may just need to be patient.

  1. Growing wisdom teeth

The youngest teeth often grow in unwanted positions or jostle in a place that is too crowded so it can cause a throbbing pain that is accompanied by a sudden sharp pain. Removing wisdom teeth is the most common action advised by a dentist, so if your toothache complaints persist as long as the wisdom teeth grow, make an appointment with the dentist as soon as possible. While waiting for the promise of tooth extraction, you can reduce the pain by rinse salt water or take pain medication.

  1. Dental caries

Dental caries, aka rotten teeth, is the most common cause of a toothache. Small cavities in the outer layer of the tooth (enamel) are usually painless, but once decay redeems through the enamel and affects the inner tooth (dentin), the tooth becomes extremely sensitive. This then leads to the formation of cavities.

In advanced dental caries, the decay takes place deeper, down to the innermost layer of the tooth (pulp), resulting in intense, intense pain. Infection from tooth decay can cause tooth death and cause an abscess (clumping of pus) under the roots of the tooth. These infections can spread and cause further tooth decay and gum disease, so it is important to check your dentist as soon as possible to be treated early.

  1. Filling teeth off

When your loose tooth fillings are loose or near the new tooth decay area, patches may break, loose, or wear out. You may experience sharp, drowning pain as you bite the area. You may also find that the sore tooth area becomes very sensitive.

Poor or broken fillings should be handled by the dentist. While waiting for the promise of tooth extraction, you can reduce the pain by rinse salt water or take pain medication.

  1. Gum disease

Gum disease is also one of the most common causes of a toothache. This is caused by the buildup of dental plaque around the gums. Inflammation caused by bacteria in plaque can be painful – resulting in swollen, red, and bleeding gums – and while tooth decay continues, gums are also more sensitive. This is called gingivitis.

When gingivitis is not handled properly, more serious gum disease can cause an abscess (an infection that results in pus clot) and cause dull throbbing pain, which makes you have chronic bad breath. This is called periodontitis. This infection then damages the soft tissues and bones that support your teeth. Your gums begin to recede, and teeth can be loosened, so it needs to be revoked. Once your gums recede, the gums will not grow back.

These infections can spread and cause further tooth decay, so it is important to check with your dentist as soon as possible to be treated early.

  1. Broken teeth/cracks

Sometimes, you may experience a toothache, but the root cause is not clearly known. In fact, toothache does not come from teeth that hollow or certain gum disease. An unexplained toothache that causes dull pain may indicate that your teeth are cracked or broken, which may be too small to be seen by the naked eye.

Tooth decay may be due to poor chewing habits, tooth grinding, tooth injuries, tooth decay due to large patches, and so on. When the crack is severe, the nerves that may be exposed may cause painful pain. Dental cracks can be an alternative place where bacteria get together to create infections that cause further damage and dental problems.

  1. Less common cause of a toothache

If you are newly injured in the joints of the jaw and skull joints (temporomandibular joints), you may be able to feel dull pain and suppress. This jaw trauma can also be caused by the habit of teething, arthritis, or oral cancer that affects the jaw.

One of the causes of a toothache that is less common, but also equally important is sinusitis. Your upper back teeth share the same nerve as the sinus cavity. As a result, the pain present may be due to teeth, or vice versa. A sinus-induced toothache is usually accompanied by nasal congestion, and pain around the nasal cavity.

If you suspect one of the reasons above is the cause of your toothache, see a doctor for more accurate diagnosis and treatment.

Prevention of Disease Toothache

The main prevention of a toothache aims to maintain the condition of teeth that can be done by brushing teeth. Use a toothpaste containing fluoride at least twice a day by brushing your teeth correctly.

You are also advised to do tartar cleaning at least six months. At regular checks to the dentist is usually also done patching protection on the teeth, especially molar teeth that have a deep gap. Doctors can also treat fluoridation of gel or varnish on healthy teeth once every six months.

Also, keep a balanced diet and regular. Freshly chewed vegetables and fruits are good friends for your healthy teeth. Avoid eating too many sweet or sour snacks in between -a big meal. The rest of the sweet foods that stick to the teeth is one of the enemies of dental health.