Understanding Thyroiditis Disease – Thyroiditis is a condition in which inflammation occurs in the thyroid gland. The function of the thyroid gland itself is quite important for the body because this is where the hormones produced T3 and T4. Both of these hormones serve to regulate the body’s metabolism to keep it running as it should.

There are several types of thyroiditis, such as:

  • Acute thyroiditis
  • Subacute thyroiditis (de Quervain)
  • Chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto)
  • Post-partum thyroiditis

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Diagnosis of Thyroiditis Disease

To be able to know the diagnosis of thyroiditis, there can be a series of medical interviews and some examinations. Examples of checks that can be done include:

  • Laboratory tests to assess TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone), T3 and T4 levels.
  • In the case of infection, especially bacterial infection can be found increased levels of white blood cells (leukocytosis) are working hard to overcome the infection.
  • Radiological examination with thyroid scan or thyroid ultrasound to determine the condition of the thyroid more clearly.

Symptoms  of Illness Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis that lasts slowly and in the long term can cause damage to the cells of the thyroid gland. As a result, hypothyroid symptoms will appear.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Depression

If thyroiditis occurs suddenly and rapidly, there will be damage to the cells of the thyroid gland. In this condition, the hormones stored in these cells will also be released rapidly. As a result appeared hyperthyroid symptoms.

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Worry
  • Insomnia
  • Heartbeat
  • Weight loss

Treatment of Disease Thyroiditis

Treatment of thyroiditis depends on the cause and symptoms experienced. In the case of bacterial infection, doctors usually give antibiotics. In hyperthyroid conditions, antithyroid drugs may be given. While in the case of hypothyroidism usually can be overcome with hormone replacement therapy.

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Cause of Disease Thyroiditis

Several things can cause thyroiditis or thyroid inflammatory conditions, namely:

  • Inflammation caused by infection, such as viral and bacterial infections so that the body’s antibodies attack the thyroid gland.
  • Thyroid inflammation due to attacks of the body’s own immune system, as in the case of autoimmune thyroiditis.
  • Several types of drugs with side effects can damage thyroid cells. For example: like interferon and amiodarone.
  • Radiation treatment techniques, such as for cancer.

Prevention of Disease Thyroiditis

Some things you can do to prevent thyroid disorders. For example, by living a healthy lifestyle enough motion activity, enough rest, and management of stress well.

Also, identify your body condition as well as unusual symptoms that may arise. Make checks as early as possible if you feel something is wrong or unusual in your body.

Try also things that can help maintain thyroid health. For example by avoiding smoking and keeping yourself from becoming a passive smoker. Eat iodine or iodized supplements in the recommended amount and eat healthy and diverse foods.