SYPHILIS DEFINITION, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT

SYPHILIS DEFINITION, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Syphilis – Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial infection. Usually, the disease is characterized by the appearance of painless wounds on the genitals, rectum, or mouth.

Indeed, early syphilis can be cured with penicillin injections. However, many patients do not get immediate medical treatment because of a knockout of ignorance. As a result, they become susceptible to damage to the heart, brain, or other organs.

Syphilis is triggered by a bacterial infection of Treponema pallidum and can be transmitted in various ways, such as sexual contact/activity, kissing (which is, in fact, a close, unprotected contact with active lesions), or mother-to-fetal infection that it contains.

Symptoms of syphilis Diagnosis of Syphilis

To determine whether a person is exposed to the disease or not, then the doctor will recommend a variety of forms of examination, such as Blood tests are intended to examine the condition of antibodies in the body and its performance against infections.

  • Cerebral spinal fluid. If the fear can trigger complications in the nervous system, then the doctor can perform an examination of cerebrospinal fluid samples through lumbar puncture procedures.

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Symptoms of Syphilis

In fact, the severity of the disease determines what symptoms appear. Here’s the full explanation:

1. Primary syphilis

The first sign when exposed is the appearance of a small lesion-called a. In contrast to lesions due to other medical conditions, the chance is generally painless, 1-2 cm in diameter, generally appearing around the sex organs and rectum, and can heal by itself within 3-6 weeks.

2. Secondary syphilis

After the chancre disappears, the patient will generally complain of an itchy rash that starts from the middle of the body, but then spreads to cover the entire body. In some cases, patients may also complain of other conditions, such as hair loss, muscle aches, fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes.

3. Latent syphilis

Untreated can progress to a latent stage. At this stage, the patient will not show any symptoms, until it gets worse and reaches the tertiary stage.

4. Tertiary syphilis (end)

Approximately 15-30% of people with this disease who do not get treatment will experience a complication known as tertiary syphilis (end). At this stage, it can damage the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bone, and joints.

5. Congenital syphilis

In fact, an infected pregnant woman can transmit the disease to the baby-either through the placenta or during labor. Although initially, the baby will not show any symptoms; however, they will slowly show a variety of complications, such as deafness, deformity, and imperfection of the bridge of the nose.

Treatment of Syphilis

As mentioned earlier, it can be cured with penicillin therapy (the type of antibiotic that kills the organism that triggers the disease). Therefore, immediately consult your health if proven to experience one or more of the symptoms mentioned above.

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Cause of Syphilis

Syphilis is triggered by a bacterial infection of Treponema pallidum and can be transmitted in various ways, such as sexual contact/activity, kissing (which is, in fact, a close, unprotected contact with active lesions), or mother-to-fetal infection that it contains.
Remember, this disease will not be able to infect a healthy body except through the above! So, do not believe the accusation that this disease can spread through the use of toilets, bathtubs, clothes, cutlery, or the use of the same pool.

Prevention of Syphilis

Given how terrible the impact of syphilis, it would not hurt for you to take various preventive measures, such as Abstain or monogamy. The only way to avoid this disease is to abstain from sex. The next best option is to be faithful to one partner only.

  • Use a condom
  • Screening for pregnant women. A person may be infected with syphilis and not know it. Therefore, for pregnant women, it is advisable to perform screening procedures at the nearest health facility.

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