Understanding Stroke Disease – Stroke is the death of brain tissue (cerebral infarction) which occurs due to reduced blood flow and oxygen to the brain. Stroke can be ischemic (blockage) and bleed (hemorrhagic).

In ischemic stroke, blood flow to the brain stops because of a blockage or blood clot that clogs blood. While in the hemorrhagic stroke, blood vessels rupture and cause the obstruction of normal blood flow and blood out to the brain tissue.

Almost 70 percent of cases of hemorrhagic stroke occur in people with hypertension.

Stroke Fast

Diagnosis of Stroke Disease

Determination of stroke diagnosis can be done through a physical examination which includes:

  • Examination of vital signs
  • General physical examination (from head to toe)
  • Neurological examination.

Symptoms  of Illness Stroke

Symptoms of a stroke can be remembered more easily with the word FAST. Each one consists of its symptom abbreviations:

  • For Face (face). Ask the person to smile. Is there a left side of the face? Does his face or eyes look jagged or unsymmetrical? If so, the person may have a stroke.
  • A, or Arms (hand). Ask the person to raise both hands. Does he have trouble lifting one or both his hands? Can one or both hands be bent?
  • S, or Speech (word). Ask the person to speak or repeat a sentence. Does the speech sound obscure or lisp? Does he have trouble or not speak? Does he have trouble understanding what you say?
  • T, or Time (time). If he has all the symptoms mentioned above, the person may have a stroke. Remember, a stroke is an emergency. You should immediately bring the person to the hospital. Remember also to record when the person has these symptoms.

Other stroke symptoms include:

  • Fainting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Sudden paralysis of the face, hands or feet, especially on the side of the body
  • Difficulty seeing with one or both eyes
  • Difficulty walking
  • Coordination or balance disorder
  • Also, a stroke can cause depression or an inability to control emotions.


Treatment of Disease Stroke

Stroke handlers are usually done with oxygen delivery and an infusion to insert fluids and nutrients. In stroke in evolution given anticoagulants (e.g., heparin).

But this drug is usually not given to people with high blood pressure. It also should not be given to patients with brain bleeding, because it can increase the risk of bleeding in the brain.

Also, paralysis and other symptoms can be prevented or restored if taking certain medications that serve to destroy the blood clot. Usually given within 3 hours after the onset of stroke.

The removal of blood vessel blockage after a minor stroke or transient ischemic attack can reduce the risk of future stroke. For the record, about 24.5% of patients have recurrent strokes.

After a stroke, there is usually a mood swing (especially depression), which can be treated with medication or psychic therapy.

Intensive rehabilitation can help patients to learn to cope with paralysis/disability due to abnormalities of some brain tissue function.

Other parts of the brain can sometimes replace the function previously run by the damaged part of the brain.

Rehabilitation begins immediately after blood pressure, pulse and respiratory stability. Conducted exercises to maintain muscle strength, prevent muscle contractions and pressure injuries (due to lying too long) and walking and talking exercises.

Cause of Disease Nose Stroke

There are various causes of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes. Causes of hemorrhagic stroke include:

  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Coagulopathy
  • The use of blood-thinning drugs
  • Malformations or vascular disorders such as aneurysms, cavernous angiomas
  • Vasculitis
  • Malignancy in the brain

Causes of ischemic stroke include:

  • Hypertension or high blood pressure
  • Diabetes mellitus or diabetes
  • Heart disease: atrial fibrillation, valvular interruption, heart failure, mitral stenosis
  • Hypercholesterolemia or high cholesterol
  • Carotid stenosis
  • Hyperhomocysteinemia
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Lifestyle: excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, drug use
  • Sickle cell disease

Prevention of Disease Stroke

7 Ways to Prevent Stroke Disease

  1. Lowering and Maintaining Blood Pressure

The first tips how to eliminate stroke display is reduced and maintain blood taken. High blood pressure is a major contributing factor to stroke, high blood pressure accounts for the greatest risk of stroke in men and women. Keep his blood pressure no more than 120 (number above) and not less than 80 (bottom number). You can do tip down pressure like the following:

  • Reduce salt intake in foods, not more than 1,500 milligrams per day (about half a teaspoon).
  • Avoid high cholesterol foods, such as burgers, cheeses, and ice cream.
  • Expand the consumption of fruits and vegetables, fish consumption two to three times a week and some portions of whole grains and low-fat milk.
  • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day.
  • If you smoke immediately stop smoking
  • If necessary, the consumption of high blood pressure-lowering drugs.

  1. Lose Weight

Being overweight or obese with some complications caused by obesity (including high blood pressure and diabetes) can cause you to have a stroke. Keeping the body to stay ideal can lower the risk of stroke. Do the following tips:

  • Limit or avoid saturated fats and trans fats.
  • Try to eat no more than 1,500 to 2,000 calories per day (depending on your level of activity and your current body mass index).
  • Increase the time and quality of the sport.

  1. Diligent Exercise

Exercise is very good for losing weight and lowering blood pressure. A study found that women who walked at least three hours a week had a smaller risk of stroke compared to women who did not. Tips on how to prevent stroke with diligent exercise you can do by:

  • Take a walk around your neighborhood every morning.
  • Bake in the morning or evening in the home environment.
  • You can also go to the gym with friends.
  • If you do not have time to exercise, do some light exercise movements at least 10 minutes every day.

  1. Treating Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation or an abnormal heartbeat rhythm caused by the upper heart (atrial) space pulsates too rapidly and inappropriately can cause blood clots to form in the heart. Blood clots in the heart can move into the vessels in the brain and cause stroke. According to a study of atrial heart, fibrillation is a risk factor for the cause of stroke and should be considered serious.

  • If you have symptoms such as heart palpitations or shortness of breath, immediately check your health to the doctor.
  • You can also take blood-thinning drugs such as high-dose aspirin or warfarin to reduce the risk of stroke caused by heart palpitations.

  1. Treating Diabetes Disease

If you have high blood sugar levels (diabetes), how to prevent a stroke that you should do is immediately lower and keep the sugar levels to remain stable at the normal threshold. High blood sugar levels that are untreated and last long can damage blood vessels (including blood vessels in the brain) and cause the formation of blood clots or blood clots that can cause a stroke.

  • Keep an eye on blood sugar levels as doctors recommend
  • Changing diet, diligent exercise and consume drugs to keep blood sugar.

  1. Stop Smoking

Smoking speeds the formation of blood clots stabilizes blood and also increases the amount of plaque buildup in the arteries. Changing a diet with a healthier, diligent exercise and quit smoking is one of the best lifestyle changes to help reduce the risk of stroke.

  1. Avoiding Alcohol

How to prevent the last stroke is to avoid alcoholic beverages. If you have a history of high blood and heart disease, you should avoid drinking alcohol, although there are studies in the West that drinking alcohol in a certain amount can prevent strokes and heart attacks. But clearly, alcohol can increase blood pressure, so better avoid it.

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