SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE DEFINITION, CAUSE, AND TREATMENT

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE DEFINITION, CAUSE, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Sexually Transmitted Disease – Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases or infections transmitted through unprotected sex. The spread can be through blood, sperm, vaginal fluid, or any other body.
Also, the spread without sexual intercourse can also occur from a mother to her baby, either during pregnancy or during childbirth. The use of syringes alternately or alternately among some people is also at risk of transmitting the infection.

sexuallyCause of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Bacteria

Some of the sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria to be discussed here are syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, and lymphogranuloma venereum.

STDS Rise on Campus

Syphilis

Syphilis or Lion King is a sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum bacterial infection. The initial symptoms of syphilis are the appearance of lesions or sores on the genitals or on the mouth. This injury may not hurt, but it is very easy to transmit the infection. This lesson or lesion will last for 1.5 months and then disappears by itself. It should be noted that the lesions are highly contagious, touch with the lesions can lead to a person infected.

Syphilis should be treated immediately if not infection will progress to the next stage within 4-10 weeks after the lesion disappears. At a later stage, flu-like symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and headache will appear.
If left unchecked, syphilis infection may persist in the body for several years without causing any symptoms. To watch out for, during that time the bacteria will spread to other body parts and can cause serious conditions of paralysis, blindness, dementia, meningitis, heart problems, and coordination problems.

syphilis

To confirm the diagnosis of syphilis, blood tests can be done. Sometimes symptoms that appear difficult to recognize as syphilis disease, therefore immediately do a blood test if you suspect yourself at risk of syphilis.

Antibiotics such as penicillin injections are used to treat syphilis. If syphilis is treated properly, more severe stages of syphilis can be prevented. Avoid intercourse before making sure the syphilis infection is completely gone, which is about 2 weeks after the treatment is over. Also, make sure to check the health of your current partner or the person who has had sexual intercourse with you if you are diagnosed with syphilis.

Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Some people with this disease do not show any symptoms so it can not be known at all if he was infected. When causing symptoms, in people with gonorrhea can be found:

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men:

  • At the tip of the penis out fluid is white, yellow, or green.
  • Pain or tenderness during urination
  • Inflammation of the tip of the penis
  • Sometimes found pain in the testicles.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women:

  • The vaginal fluid is thin and yellow or green.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Pain or pain during urination.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen during sex or after.
  • Bleeding during sex or after, or excessive bleeding during menstruation.
  • Itching around the genitals.

Gonorrhea Signs and symptoms

Gonorrhea infection can also affect other parts of the body when it comes to contact with sperm or vaginal fluids. Other body parts that are at risk for gonorrhea include the rectum, eyes, and throat.

The diagnosis to ascertain if you are infected with gonorrhea is by doing a male urine test and vaginal fluid examination in women. Also, pus sampling from the infected part can also be performed.

Just like syphilis, gonorrhea or gonorrhea infection can be treated with antibiotics. It is important to take proper antibiotics and doses so that the infection is completely gone. If not treated properly, gonorrhea or gonorrhea can cause infertility.

Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a type of sexually transmitted diseases caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. This disease is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Some people do not feel the symptoms at all so the transmission can occur without realizing it. In some people, chlamydia can cause symptoms, such as Symptoms of chlamydia in women:

  • Vaginal fluid is not as usual.
  • Pain or pain during urination.
  • Menstruation is overwhelming.
  • Bleeding outside the menstrual cycle.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen

Symptoms of chlamydia in men:

  • At the tip of the penis comes out clear colored liquid or white
  • Pain during urination
  • Itching or heat around the penis hole
  • The pain and swelling around the scrotum

To diagnose chlamydia can be by way of a urine test or fluid sampling from the infected area.

 chlamydia infection

Treatment of this infection is by taking antibiotics. Be sure to spend the medication prescribed by your doctor, even though the condition feels better. Perform urine test or genital fluid sampling once the treatment is completed, this is to ensure the infection is completely healed.
Chlamydia infection can also attack the rectum, throat, or eyes. If not treated, this infection can cause infertility in both men and women. In women, chlamydia can also cause ectopic pregnancy. These infections can also be transmitted during childbirth and cause the baby to have an eye or lung infection. Chlamydia in men can cause inflammation of the urinary tract, infection of the bladder and epididymitis, and infection of the rectum.

Chancroid

This sexually transmitted disease is caused by Haemophilus ducreyl bacteria. Small ulcers in the genitals will appear after 1-14 days a person is infected with chancroid. A day later, the lump will turn into a wound. In addition to the appearance of wounds, some people who are infected with a chancroid will experience swollen lymph nodes in the crotch. In some people, this swelling can develop into an abscess.

chancroid

There is no specific blood test for chancroid. Chancroid is usually diagnosed by looking at injuries that appear, swollen glands, and performing some test checks to rule out other PMS. Treatment of this condition is done by giving antibiotics to overcome the infection. For lymph node abscess, a needle or small operative drainage procedure can be performed.

Donovanosis

The disease is also called granuloma inguinale is caused by bacteria Klebsiella granulomatis. The spread of this disease usually occurs through vaginal or anal sex and is very rarely transmitted through oral sex. Most people with this disease are men.

This disease will gnaw the tissues of the genitals slowly. If exposed to this disease, the patient will feel some symptoms such as Appearing wounds around the buttocks and red bumps around the anus and genitals.

  • The genitals and surrounding skin will fade in color.
  • The layer of skin slowly exfoliates, then the lump will dilate due to the inflammatory process. Skin is not painful in this phase, but it is easy to bleed.

To diagnose the disease, the doctor will perform a biopsy on the patient’s lesion for further study in the laboratory. If positive affected by donovanosis, usually the doctor will prescribe antibiotics in patients to be consumed for 3 weeks.

If not treated properly, people with donovanosis will be at risk for some complications such as Damage and formation of scar tissue in the genital organs.

  • The skin color on the genitals and surrounding areas will fade.
  • Permanent swelling of the genitals caused by scar tissue.

Lymphogranuloma Venereum

The disease, also known as LGV or Durand-Nicholas-Favre disease, is caused by a bacterial infection of Chlamydia trachomatis.
LGV itself is divided into three, LGV primary, LGV secondary and tertiary LGV. Here are some of the characteristics of LGV primer:

  • Symptoms occur 3-21 days after contact between a person and the bacteria.
  • Men are more likely to experience this condition than women.
  • Several groups of lesions are similar to herpes infections.
  • Patients will usually experience symptoms of urethral inflammation (urethritis).
  • In men, primary LGV will affect the body around the penis to the urethra, as well as the anus.
  • In women, primary LGV will affect the body around the vagina.

Whereas in patients with secondary LGV symptoms usually appear 10 to 30 days after the patient exposed to bacteria, but it takes several months to develop. Some of its characteristics are Sluggish.

  • Pain in joints.
  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Fluttering spots appear.
  • The skin of the patient will be affected by erythema multiforme, urticaria, erythema nodosum, or rash.

In patients with tertiary LGV, symptoms will appear until 20 years after the bacterially infected patients. Some of the characteristics of other tertiary LGV are:

  • Proctocolitis (inflammation of the rectum and colon).
  • Itching on the buttocks.
  • Feces mixed with blood.
  • Rectal pain.
  • Tenesmus (appears a constant urge to excrete).
  • Weight loss.
  • Rectal fibrosis.
  • Esthiomene (chronic granuloma enlargement accompanied by ulceration and erosion of female genitals).

To treat LGV, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Viruses

Genital herpes, genital warts, molluscum contagiosum, hepatitis B, hepatitis D, and HIV are examples of sexually transmitted diseases caused by viruses.

Herpes Genital

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus or HSV. Reddish blisters are the beginning of herpes symptoms. Can also be accompanied by itching or pain during urination. Symptoms of genital herpes will appear a few days after HSV infection.

This virus can be dormant or inactive and hide in the body without causing symptoms. But this virus can get back on, and the wound will reappear. Even so, the injuries are usually smaller and less painful than the first infection. This happens because the body has produced antibodies against this virus after it was first infected. Antibodies that already exist will fight the re-emergence of this virus.

The diagnosis of genital herpes can be made by taking fluid samples from the wound that appears or by doing a blood test. No drug can cure genital herpes. But, symptoms that occur can be controlled with antiviral drugs.

Genital Warts

Genital warts or genital warts are sexually transmitted diseases caused by a virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV). 40 types of HPV virus can attack the genitals, but most genital warts are caused by HPV types 6 and 11. Genital warts are warts that appear around the genitals or in the rectal area. This wart may not cause pain, but usually, it will appear itching, flushing and can sometimes bleed. In some patients, warts can grow clustered and then look like cauliflower.

Warts can appear after months and even years after HPV infection. Even in most people, warts do not appear at all even if they have been infected. Warts can also appear on the mouth or throat of people who perform oral sex.

The spread of this virus is not only through sexual contact. HPV can spread through direct skin-to-skin contact. To ascertain the diagnosis of whether there are genital warts, the doctor will perform a physical examination of the infected part. Also, special tests can also be performed to diagnose HPV by checking the inner vagina or men’s urethra.

No treatment or treatment can eliminate the HPV virus from the body completely. Warts that appear in the genital or rectal area can be treated by clotting procedures, laser therapy, or using cream. Surgery can also be done to remove large warts.

Although there is no treatment for HPV virus, genital warts can be prevented by giving HPV vaccine. It is important to note that HPV vaccine cannot prevent all types of HPV, consult a physician type of HPV vaccine that suits your needs.

Although not all types of HPV virus associated with cancer, it is advisable to perform regular cancer screening if infected with HPV.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that attacks the immune system. This virus can be transmitted through unsafe sex, sharing syringes or needles, from the mother to the baby during childbirth, or through blood transfusion.

The immune system is weakened and unable to fight off infections and diseases caused by this virus. Until now, there is no cure to eliminate HIV from the body completely. HIV treatment is generally done to prolong life and relieve symptoms of HIV.

HIV does not have any obvious symptoms. The initial symptoms that occur are mild flu symptoms with fever, sore throat, and rash. As the HIV virus attacks the immune system, the patient’s body becomes more susceptible to various infections.

If you feel exposed to the HIV virus, the only way to find out the diagnosis is to have an HIV test and its counseling. HIV testing can be done at the Voluntary Counseling and Testing clinic

Molluscum contagiosum

This is a viral skin infection that causes the appearance of small colored bumps such as fresh meat. These lumps can appear apart or in groups. Molluscum contagiosum is transmitted through physical contact with the sufferer, including sexual intercourse.

Generally, Molluscum contagiosum lumps appear around the genitals, body, face, or eyelids. These lumps can also become inflamed and change color to redness when the body of the patient against the virus.

This viral infection will remain contagious as long as the lump is still present. Usually, a lump will appear after 2 to 7 weeks since infection but may appear after 6 months. To confirm the diagnosis of the disease, the physician will prioritize the physical examination and if necessary may take samples for further examination.

In most patients, the disease will heal itself, and the lump will disappear after 6-9 months. Especially on the lumps that are around the genitals, doctors will usually perform treatment to prevent the spread. Treatments that can be done include freezing lumps with procedures such as cryotherapy, eroding lumps with curettage, giving chemicals to lumps, and applying liquid or cream medications.

Hepatitis B

Caused by a virus of the same name, hepatitis B is more easily transmitted through sexual contact than HIV. This virus can be found in blood, vaginal fluids, saliva, and sperm. Oral sex and especially anal sex is a way that can transmit the virus Hepatitis B. Organ transplants and the use of needles is alternately at risk of becoming a way of transmitting the virus of this disease.
Symptoms Hepatitis B usually will appear about 2-5 months after the patient has contact with the virus. Early symptoms appear like flu and then develop into jaundice. In the chronic phase, hepatitis B can cause permanent damage to the liver.
To confirm the diagnosis of hepatitis, blood tests can be performed. Blood tests include antibodies and proteins in the virus. Also, it will also be examined liver function to see the damage to your liver.
Until now there is no treatment to eliminate viral hepatitis. Treatment by a doctor will aim to delay or prevent any complications that may occur. However, there is a vaccine that can protect against hepatitis B infection.

Hepatitis D

Hepatitis D; viral infections that can only be experienced by someone with active hepatitis B infection. The mode of transmission is similar to hepatitis B, but it is more common in users of needles who alternate than sexual intercourse.
As with hepatitis B, people with hepatitis D may experience severe symptoms suddenly. In general, hepatitis D infection will aggravate the damage and symptoms that appear after exposure to hepatitis B.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Parasites
There are also some sexually transmitted diseases caused by parasites, among others:

Scabies

Scabies is a skin infection caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei mite. Mites that are hard to see by this eye dig and live in the skin. This parasite can be transmitted through direct body contact, through an infected dress, bedding, or towel.

The main symptom of scabies is the appearance of severe itching, especially at night. This itchiness often appears on the fingers, wrists and legs, underarms, or it could be in the genital area. Sometimes, scabies can also lead to the emergence of rashes and small spots.

This condition can be handled by using a special cream or shampoo. After treatment, sometimes the itching persists for some time.

how to eliminate scabies mites

Ticks on pubic hair

Ticks on pubic hair are small parasitic insects that live between body hair, such as pubic hair, armpit hair, body hair, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes. This louse preys on human blood to survive. In the skin, these lice are crawling from hair to hair and can not jump from one person to another. Transmission occurs only with direct body contact and often occurs during intercourse.

The main symptoms that occur are the itching on the infected part and the occurrence of inflammation or irritation due to scratching the patient. Also, patients can also find a black powder in the panties or blood spots on the skin due to flea bites.

If you feel the symptoms as before, you can sometimes see firsthand whether there is a tick on pubic hair or any other itchy hair. This tick can be overcome by using special creams or shampoos. You do not have to shave the hair on the genitalia or body hair that is infected.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Protozoa

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a very small parasite called Trichomonas vaginal. Most male patients are unaware of this infection because they do not experience any symptoms, until when the female partner has symptoms and is diagnosed with this disease.
Symptoms that occur in men:

  • Urinate more often than usual.
  • Painful sensation shortly after urination or after ejaculation.
  • Penile fluid is whitish.
  • Inflammation of the foreskin and penis skin.

The symptoms that occur in women are Liquid vaginal fluid or foam yellowish with odor.

  • Pain and itching around the vagina.
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse or urination.

Trichomoniasis Treatment

To diagnose trichomoniasis can be done by physical examination, urine test, and fluid sampling. If you are highly suspected of having trichomoniasis, treatment with antibiotics will be started even if the results of the sample examination have not yet appeared. This aims to get the infection quickly and the possibility of transmission decreases.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Caused by Fungi

Tinea cruris

This sexually transmitted disease is a fungal infection that attacks the skin around the genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Patients with tinea cruris will usually feel the emergence of a rash-shaped red rash that feels itchy on the infected skin.

To ensure tinea cruris, samples will be taken from the infected skin. The skin sample will then be viewed under a microscope. However, most dermatologists can diagnose tinea cruris by simply recognizing the rash on the patient’s skin.

Tinea cruris can be cured by administration of ointment, spray, powder, or anti-fungal lotion. However, to deal with severe tinea cruris, patients can use stronger anti-fungal ointment or cream and take anti-fungal pills that can be obtained by prescription.

Candida Infection

Candida albicans fungal infection, usually a common cause of irritation of the vagina. But in men, especially those who are not circumcised, can also experience it. In addition to the genitals, this fungus can also be found on the lips, nails, around the anus, and even the digestive tract.

In vaginal infections, women will usually feel the extraordinary itching around the vagina, the skin around the vagina will redden and feel sore, and whitish that clot like cheese. While the male patient will appear a reddish rash on the penis, itching and pain sensation at the tip of the penis, and odor.

Treatment of candida infection depends on the location, severity, and condition of the patient’s health. For the genitals can be treated with the provision of creams, suppositories, or anti-fungal tablets.

Candida Overgrowth

Recent search terms:

pictures of chancroid infected person