RUBELLA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

RUBELLA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Rubella Disease – Rubella, otherwise known as German Measles, is a viral infection that affects the skin and lymph nodes. This disease generally affects children.

In children, generally, rubella only cause mild symptoms that do not interfere with daily activities. Rubella becomes a dangerous disease when it infects pregnant women because it can cause defects in the fetus that is conceived.

 

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Diagnosis of Rubella disease

Generally, doctors only require a thorough physical examination to determine the presence of Rubella disease. In some cases, antirubella IgM antibodies are sometimes required, which are obtained by blood tests.

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Symptoms of Illness Rubella

Rubella disease infection is preceded by mild fever (37-37.8 ° C) for 1-2 days, accompanied by swollen lymph nodes in the back of the neck or behind the ears. After that, then comes a rash on the skin, starting from the face and spread to the hands and feet. Sometimes this rash feels a bit itchy. The rash will disappear within 1-3 days.

Also, other symptoms may show headaches, stiffness, no appetite, red eyes, runny nose, or joint pain. However, in people with good body resistance, Rubella often causes only mild symptoms or even no symptoms at all. Car News

Rubella becomes dangerous when pregnant women are infected because Rubella infection in pregnant women can cause fetal defects. Babies born to have Congenital Rubella Syndrome, a baby’s disability caused by a rubella infection characterized by congenital heart disease, hearing loss, cataracts, mental retardation, or liver and bone marrow disorders.

Treatment of Disease Rubella

Rubella will heal by itself in 3-5 days. No treatment with antibiotics is required unless there are complications of bacterial infection. To avoid transmission to others, Rubella patients should not move out of the house until healed.

Cause of Disease Rubella

Rubella is caused by a virus. Viruses that spread from person to person through droplets when Rubella sneezes, coughs, or shares food with other healthy people.

Prevention of Disease Rubella

Rubella can be prevented by Rubella immunization. In most countries, Rubella immunization is given in the form of MMR immunization (measles, mumps, and rubella) or MR (Measles Rubella). This type of immunization is given at 15 months of age. Then repeated again at the age of 5 years.

If an adult has not received this immunization, MR or MMR immunization may also be given to an adult provided that it is not pregnant. In women, should not plan a pregnancy within 1 month after immunization of Rubella.

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