Understanding Rhinitis – Rhinitis is an inflammation or irritation that occurs in the mucous membranes inside the nose. Broadly speaking rhinitis is divided into two, namely allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis.

Allergic rhinitis or so-called hay fever is caused by allergies to elements such as dust, certain animal skin peels, and pollen. While nonallergic rhinitis is not caused by allergies but conditions such as viral and bacterial infections.

Allergic rhinitis

Diagnosis of Rhinitis

There are several ways to diagnose allergic rhinitis, including knowing the symptoms and personal and family health history. Also, two major allergy tests can help diagnose rhinitis, namely a blood test and a skin prick test.

If it is not due to allergies, other medical tests such as endoscopy in the nasal cavity, respiratory flow test, and CT-scan may be performed by a doctor to check the condition of the nasal cavity.

Allergic rhinitis

Symptoms  of Rhinitis

Rhinitis has symptoms similar to a cold, namely:

  • Nasal congestion or watery.
  • Reduced sensitivity of the sense of smell.
  • Discomfort or mild irritation in and around the nose.

In allergic rhinitis, these symptoms will appear shortly after exposure to allergens such as dust, flowers pollen, or animal fur. When severe, these symptoms can last throughout the day, so that interferes with sleep and daily activities. However, most people with rhinitis experience only mild symptoms that are easily treated effectively.

When symptoms are caused by nonallergic rhinitis (e.g., due to a viral infection), you may experience other symptoms such as a crust that grows inside the nose and gives off a bad smell. This crust will bleed if you try to lift or scratch it.

Rhinitis complications

The following are possible complications of rhinitis.

  • Infection occurs because the snot cannot flow from the sinus due to swelling and inflammation of the nasal cavity.
  • Middle ear infections. The ear part located behind the eardrum may be infected by rhinitis.
  • Nasal polyp.

Surgery may be needed to overcome a severe and long-standing problem, but if it is not too severe, the problem can be treated with medication.

Treatment of Rhinitis

You can do rhinitis treatment at home if symptoms are not too severe with drugs that are sold freely, such as decongestants and antihistamines. Antihistamines have lasting effects to relieve symptoms, such as nasal congestion or runny and sneezing. However, if symptoms of rhinitis are more severe and interfere with daily activities, consult a doctor.

Cause of Rhinitis

Inflammation of the mucous membranes caused by bacteria, allergens, and viruses can cause symptoms of rhinitis.

Some of the causes of allergic rhinitis are the exfoliation of dead skin or animal hair, chemicals in the workplace, house dust mites, as well as pollen and spores. While the causes of nonallergic rhinitis are environmental factors, tissue damage in the nose, excessive use of nasal decongestants, and infection.

Prevention of Rhinitis

Rhinitis can be prevented by avoiding triggers that can cause symptoms of rhinitis, such as avoiding polluted environments or exposure to secondhand smoke.

Also, you should also avoid common allergens, such as pollen, house dust mites, mold spores, and dead skin exfoliation, dirt, and pet urine.

For non-allergic rhinitis, promptly treat the underlying cause to be unsustainable. For example, taking antibiotics for rhinitis due to bacterial infection.

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