Understanding Polio Disease – Polio disease is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. Viruses can enter the human body through the oral cavity, then into the gastrointestinal tract, the bloodstream and finally to the central nervous system. Entry of the virus to the central nervous system can cause paralysis of the sufferer.

Polio disease, or in medical terms also known as poliomyelitis, can affect all age groups. However, the most vulnerable age groups are 1-15 years old.

This disease can cause paralysis and difficulty breathing in the sufferer. In very bad cases, people with polio can also end up with death.

Prevention of Disease Polio

Diagnosis of Polio Disease

To determine the diagnosis of polio disease is done through medical interviews and physical examination. The doctor will examine typical symptoms of paralysis in children, accompanied by non-specific symptoms of viral infection-such as fever, muscle aches, and sore throats.

Poliovirus can be detected by examination of specimens from the throat and feces. Some commonly used virus checking methods are virus examination, genome sequencing, and serologic examination.

Symptoms  of Illness Polio

Although polio can cause paralysis, polio may show no symptoms (asymptomatic). Even as many as 90% of cases of polio infections show no symptoms and are only detected by isolating the virus from the feces and oropharynx.

This disease primarily affects children and can cause various symptoms. Some of the possible symptoms may include fever, headache, vomiting, muscle pain, stiff back, and paralysis.

polio treatment

Treatment of Disease Polio

Until now there has been no treatment that can cure polio disease. This disease can be transmitted through the patient’s stools. Therefore handling needs to be done carefully.

Although no treatment can ensure the healing of the sufferer, this disease can actually be prevented.

Cause of Disease Polio

The cause of polio disease is the polio virus that enters the human body. Viruses enter through the mouth and infect the central nervous system.

There are three types of poliovirus, and all three can cause paralysis. The three types of virus are:

  • Type 1, the type of Brunhilde that begins with the name of a monkey in this type of maa first discovered.
  • Type 2, the type of Lansing assigned according to the name of the city in the United States where type 2 was first discovered.
  • Type 3, the type of Leon derived from the name of a patient who first discovered type 3 of the stool (feces).

Prevention of Disease Polio

Immunization is the most effective action in preventing polio disease. Prevention of polio disease can be done by raising public awareness of the importance of polio immunization in children.

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