PNEUMONIA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

PNEUMONIA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Pneumonia Disease –   is a disease characterized by an infection of the lungs. Infection is usually caused by bacteria or viruses that attack the alveoli or air sacs in the lungs. If the alveoli are filled with infected fluid, then the lung capacity and oxygen supply will decrease.

Pneumonia is a serious illness, especially when it affects infants and young children, children with malnutrition, and children with immunologic disorders.

Although this disease can affect anyone, inflammation of the lungs in those who are very young or very old can worsen the condition of the sufferer.

pneumonia cause

Diagnosis of Pneumonia  Disease

To determine the diagnosis of pneumonia is done a series of medical interviews, physical examination by the doctor, and investigation. Some investigations that will be done is a complete blood examination, chest x-rays, sputum checks with Acid Resistant Basil, to sputum culture.

Symptoms  of Illness Pneumonia

The most common symptom of pneumonia is a cough accompanied by phlegm. Mucus in the resulting sputum is generally yellowish or greenish. In some cases, sputum may mix with blood.

In addition to a cough, the sufferer can also experience a fever for a long time, often feeling weak, and may experience shortness of breath.

Treatment of Disease Pneumonia

For pneumonia complaints that are mild, the patient does not need to be hospitalized and sufficiently treated at home only. Provision of antibiotics can be given when necessary.

The doctor will give you medicines that you should regularly take for 6 months. The period of taking medicine is very long, but the time is needed to kill the germs perfectly. The presence of non-compliance or negligence in taking medication can cause the disease does not heal completely and can relapse again.

In addition to drugs, patients with pneumonia also require adequate rest to restore his condition.

pneumonia

Cause of Disease Pneumonia

Bacterial infection is the most common cause of pneumonia. The most common bacteria that cause inflammation are Streptococcus pneumonia and Haemophilus influenza. While the virus that most often causes this condition is a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinovirus, and influenza virus.

Prevention of Disease Pneumonia

One of the prevention methods that can be done is to vaccinate. Both children and adults can get vaccines to prevent pneumonia. However, despite getting a vaccine does not mean the child will not be affected by the pneumococcal disease. However, the vaccine provides a little immunity and can prevent the onset of severe symptoms if the child contracts the disease in the future.

Another way of prevention is to separate children from adults diagnosed with pneumonia. Children are very easily contracted from adults, so it is better for adults who are in treatment to keep a distance from children, using a mask and closing the mouth when coughing.

Another thing that can also be done as a preventive measure is to ensure good air circulation at home. Should sunlight can enter the room at home. The damp and stuffy home environment enables the respiratory bacteria to grow and survi