PARAPLEGIA (NERVE ABNORMALITIES) DEFINITION, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT

PARAPLEGIA (NERVE ABNORMALITIES) DEFINITION, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities) – Paraplegia is a nerve disorder that causes loss of sensory and motor function (motion) in the lower limbs. As a result, paraplegia sufferers will experience paralysis on both legs. Paraplegia is common in young men aged 15 to 35 due to accidents.

Paraplegia is divided into two, which are complete and incomplete. Complete paraplegia is absolute damage to the spinal cord. This makes the patient will lose sensory and motor function. While incomplete paraplegia is partial damage from the spinal cord. As a result, the patient will lose only sensory or motor function alone.

paraplegia

Diagnosis of Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities)

The doctor will conduct a medical history and symptom interview on the patient to determine the diagnosis of paraplegia. Physical examination includes complete sensory and motor examination, not just the lower limb to ensure if the disorder is just paraplegia.

Investigations can also be done to confirm the diagnosis of paraplegia and exclude suspicions of other health problems. These checks include:

  • Blood and laboratory examination
  • Radiological examination

Symptoms of Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities)

Paraplegia signs generally complain of weakness in both lower limbs and abnormalities of sensation such as numbness, tingling, burning, cold or pain. The lower limb muscles can become stiff and prolonged as they are not used. In some cases, paraplegia may also interfere with urinary and bowel function.

paraplegia definition

Treatment of Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities)

Incomplete paraplegia sufferers are generally still able to walk within certain limits. However, many paraplegia sufferers should use aids such as sticks or wheelchairs. Also, not a few patients who require anti-pain medication and muscle relaxants. This is needed to reduce the pain and stiffness of the muscles that are felt. Treatment is also required for urinary and bowel disorders.

Cause of Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities)

Paraplegia is caused by an injury to the spinal cord due to trauma or accident. The most common cause is motorcycle accidents and falls in the elderly (usually those over the age of 65).

The spinal injury does not always happen quickly. Paralysis or sensation abnormalities such as numbness can occur either directly or late. Additional injuries can occur due to swelling or bleeding. So it is important to find the cause quickly to be treated optimally.

Other causes such as spina bifida (congenital abnormalities), tumors, blood clotting disorders, infection of the spinal cord, HNP, etc. can also trigger paraplegia.

  • Long-term care will focus on compensating for incompetence and preventing complications, such as:
  • Treatment: to overcome the effects of paraplegia, as well as improve body function
  • Inventive medical devices: such as wheelchairs and electric stimulation devices to aid movement
  • Rehabilitation: to educate you in overcoming conditions and using medical help.

Home remedies

Here are the remedies and lifestyle that can help you overcome paraplegia:

  • Give time to grieve due to mobility
  • Join the community to share feelings and experiences
  • Educate yourself about paraplegia
  • Learn to adapt to new life, such as the provision of small goals
  • Talk to the closest people about your feelings, especially with a partner for intimacy problems.

Risk factors for Paraplegia (Nerve Abnormalities)

There are many risk factors for paraplegia, namely:

  • Man. Most paraplegia patients are male.
  • Aged between 16-30 years old. You are more physically active and more exposed to spinal injuries.
  • Being over 65 years old. You fall more easily and have degeneration of the spine.
  • Conducting risky activities such as extreme sports, racing, diving, etc.
  • Has bone or joint disorders. Abnormalities in the bones can make your bones fragile compared with people in general.

Recent search terms:

parasthesia paraplegia paralysis definitions