NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN PREGNANCY DEFINITION, SYMPTOMS, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN PREGNANCY DEFINITION, SYMPTOMS, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Of Nausea And Vomiting In PregnancyNausea, and vomiting in pregnancy, or commonly called morning sickness, is a complaint that many pregnant women feel, especially in early pregnancy. This condition can occur throughout the day but usually worsens in the morning. This is due to an empty stomach condition, or if the pregnant woman does not eat insufficient portions.

Based on the study, the condition of nausea and vomiting has affected 52% of pregnant women. In most women, the symptoms of nausea and vomiting will disappear after mid-pregnancy.

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Diagnosis of Nausea And Vomiting In Pregnancy

Diagnosis of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is performed by the doctor through medical interviews, physical examination, and investigation.

During a medical interview, your doctor will ask you for a complaint, when you have a complaint, your last menstrual period, your previous pregnancy history, previous gastrointestinal illness, and other related issues.

Then, on physical examination the doctor will check for vital signs, signs of dehydration, checking the abdomen, as well as the condition of pregnancy as a whole. Followed by an ultrasound investigation to assess the condition of the fetus. Also, other investigations that can be done is a routine blood test, electrolytes, and hormone levels.

Symptoms of Nausea And Vomiting In Pregnancy

The main symptom of this condition is nausea that can be followed by vomiting. Although the symptoms are more common in the morning, but can also occur at other times. Sometimes, pregnant women also feel pain in the pit of the heart while in this condition. In severe cases, pregnant women may experience severe nausea and vomiting with difficulty eating and drinking. This condition is called hyperemesis gravidarum.

Meanwhile, if the intake of food and drink is not enough, then pregnant women will also feel limp and dehydrated. Signs of dehydration are difficulty concentrating, sunken eyes, lips and dry mouth, dry skin, decreased urine, and changes in urine color to dark yellow.

Even in the toughest cases, this condition can cause shock, so that pregnant women will experience heart palpitations. It will also be cold sweat, decreased consciousness, and cold feeling in the feet and hands.

The main complication of the condition of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is dehydration. For that, it is very important to maintain the condition of the body by consuming enough fluids.

Most cases of mild nausea and vomiting do not jeopardize the health of pregnant women and their babies. Keep in mind also if this condition does not indicate if the baby is conceived sick.

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Treatment of Nausea And Vomiting In Pregnancy

Early treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can be done at home. If you experience vomiting in the morning, deal with dried foods such as bread and biscuits, before getting out of bed. You can also eat high-protein snacks such as cheese before going to bed.

 This is because the protein takes a long time to digest so the stomach will not be completely empty when waking up in the morning. Also, eat foods that contain lots of fluids to avoid dehydration.

Other tips, compared to eating big meals 3 times a day as before pregnancy, you should eat snacks every 2-3 hours. Eat slowly and chew food perfectly.

If you experience severe vomiting making it difficult to eat, drink and feel weak, go to the hospital. The doctor will deal with intravenous fluids to replace lost body fluids, as well as administration of antimisting drugs and vitamin B6.

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Cause of Nausea And Vomiting In Pregnancy

The cause of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is a hormonal change that is common in early pregnancy. Usually occurs at week 6-8, and reaches a peak at 12-14 weeks.

The condition will improve at the 22nd week, and until the body of the pregnant woman is adapting to the increase in hormone production.

Prevention of Nausea And Vomiting In Pregnancy

Prevention of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can be done with several things. Some studies show that women who take multivitamin supplements regularly during pregnancy begin, less likely to have nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.

Also, there are several things you can do to prevent nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, including:

  • Avoid eating large amounts at a time. Expand foods containing liquids. You can also try a cold drink or fruit juice, such as apples or wine.
  • Avoid spicy, fried, or oily foods.
  • Avoid foods with a stinging smell or eat in places that have a disturbing odor. The smell can make you aroused for nausea and vomiting.