MESOTHELIOMA DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

MESOTHELIOMA DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Mesothelioma – Mesothelioma is cancer that forms on the membrane wrapping several organs of the body. Commonly found in the pleura (lungs), peritoneum (stomach), and heart. Mesothelioma is a type of aggressive cancer, though rarely found.

Exposure to asbestos dust is often associated with this type of cancer. Asbestos can be roof board, fibers, minerals, and various asbestos preparations can cause dust which can then be inhaled by humans with air. This happens a lot in industrial environments, construction, and carpentry.

  Mesothelioma Cancer

Diagnosis of Mesothelioma

To determine the diagnosis of mesothelioma, the doctor will do a series of medical interviews or anamnesis and physical examination. Possible follow-up checks:

  • Imagery-like X-ray, CT-Scan, MRI, PET Scan.
  • Blood tests to check mesothelin biomarkers.
  • Biopsy, i.e., tissue/body fluid sampling for examination under a microscope, to recognize the presence of malignant cells or not.

Mesothelioma diagnosis

Symptoms of Mesothelioma

Signs of mesothelioma depend on the location where cancer appears. Mesothelioma in the lungs will be recognized from symptoms such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, chronic cough, fatigue, hoarseness, and difficulty swallowing. Patients also often have fever and sweating, especially at night. Also, usually also will occur weight loss that can not explain the cause.

While signs of mesothelioma in the stomach include nausea, abdominal pain and enlargement, anemia, hypoglycemia, fever, and diarrhea or constipation. Also, as in patients with mesothelioma in the chest, the sufferer will also lose appetite and lose weight that can not be explained.

Meanwhile, the symptoms of mesothelioma in the heart is the occurrence of arrhythmia or palpitations. Also, the sufferer will also feel chest pain, cough, difficulty breathing, and fever or sweat, especially at night.

Treatment of Mesothelioma

Treatment options depend on the location of mesothelioma, the stage of cancer, and the type of cancer cells. Options that can be done are:
– Surgery
– Chemotherapy
– Radiation therapy
– Pleurodesis: ‘attach’ the lining of the lung / pleural wrap to prevent the continuous fluid formation

Unfortunately, mesothelioma has a poor prognosis. Half of the sufferers can live at least a year after diagnosis. Yet only 10% can live up to five years after being diagnosed.

Mesothelioma

Cause of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma caused exposure to asbestos or better known as asbestos. Asbestos fibers can enter the membrane of the organ, causing inflammation, and eventually forming cancer.
Other risk factors include exposure to the virus (SV 40), radiation (thorium dioxide), and some types of chemicals (erionite, chemicals in paints, and so on).

Prevention of Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma prevention measures that can be done is to avoid or reduce contact with asbestos or asbestos. Therefore, this is the main cause of mesothelioma.

However, if the risk of exposure to asbestos is inevitable or if you include a person who has a job at risk of exposure to asbestos, obey the established safety rules. Also, you should also know safe handling of asbestos.