Understanding MERS Disease – MERS (middle east respiratory syndrome) is a viral infection that attacks the lower airway. This disease belongs to the category of infectious diseases. However, the transmission process is not as easy as transmission of the common cold virus.

The disease was first detected in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and became a deadly outbreak. MERS is vulnerable to people traveling to Middle Eastern countries, such as Egypt, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia.

mers diagnosis

Diagnosis of MERS Disease

MERS allegations are generally thought of when there is a history of traveling to the Middle East area within 2 weeks before symptoms of a cough, shortness of breath, and fever appear. To ensure MERS the patient will be isolated, then the doctor will take blood samples to check whether there are antibodies to MERS.

Also, other checks that can be done are X-rays to see the condition of the lung, as well as an examination of blood gas analysis to see the levels of oxygen in the blood.

Symptoms  of Illness MERS

MERS symptoms are similar to those of lung infection, i.e., fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Also, other symptoms that can arise are:

  • Joint pain
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea


This disease often causes serious complications that can be life-threatening, namely severe shortness of breath and kidney failure.

Treatment of Disease MERS

There is no special vaccine to treat MERS. Treatment is only intended to reduce symptoms experienced. Among these is supplemental oxygen delivery to reduce shortness, administer intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration, and fever-lowering drugs.

If complications occur kidney failure, sometimes dialysis (hemodialysis) for a while will be needed.

Cause of Disease MERS

MERS is caused by a coronavirus, a group of viruses that cause a cold. This virus initially infects animals and then develops cause disease in humans as well. Transmission to humans may result from human contact with infected camels.

Prevention of Disease MERS

To prevent getting MERS infections, you should avoid traveling to the MER outbreak area. If you have to travel to MERS endemic areas, then what needs to be done is:

  • Often wash your hands with running water and soap
  • Avoid eating undercooked meat
  • If you eat vegetables and fruits, make sure the food has been washed beforehand
  • Use a mask