Understanding Menorrhagia – Menorrhagia is a prolonged menstrual condition and bleeds more than usual. Under normal circumstances, the blood that comes out during menstruation is about 30-40 milliliters (about 2-3 tablespoons) for 4-5 days. In the condition of menorrhagia, the blood that comes out can reach 80 milliliters.

However, that number cannot really be used as a benchmark because the amount of menstrual blood in every woman is generally different from each other. Therefore, to make it easier to recognize signs of menorrhagia, you can observe the amount of menstrual blood that comes out whether it is out of the ordinary or not.


Diagnosis of Diabetes Disease

To find out the presence of menorrhagia, doctors will ask about the cycle of mistrust for this, including the number of menstrual days and how many pads are used in a day. If it is true menorrhagia, then the doctor will find out the cause of menorrhagia.

Examination conducted to determine the causes of menorrhagia, among others:

  • PAP smear. On this examination, cells from the cervix will be taken and examined under a microscope to see the possibility of cancer-causing menorrhagia.
  • Endometrial biopsy. Doctors take a little tissue from the uterus to be examined by a pathologist with a microscope.
  • Ultrasonography (USG). This examination is necessary to see the condition of the uterus, ovaries, and pelvic cavities.
  • Hysteroscopy. This examination is done by inserting a type of vera through the vagina into the uterus so that doctors can see the condition of the uterus more clearly and thoroughly.

Symptoms  of Menorrhagia

Signs and symptoms of menorrhagia that you can recognize:

  • Vaginal bleeding is very much during menstruation (change the pads every 1-3 hours)
  • Menstruation lasts for more than one week
  • Everyday activities are disrupted
  • Anemia symptoms such as easy fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath
  • Lower abdominal pain


Treatment of Menorrhagia

Treatment of menorrhagia depends on the cause. But in general, a treatment that can be done in the form:

  • Iron supplements to prevent and treat anemia
  • Tranexamic acid may be needed to stop the bleeding
  • Oral contraceptives to rearrange hormonal and menstrual cycles
  • Hormonal drugs that contain progesterone to overcome hormonal imbalances

Cause of Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia can be caused by many things, among which are:

  • Hormonal imbalances in women who have just started menstruating or approaching menopause
  • Ovarian dysfunction
  • Mioma of the uterus
  • Polyps in the womb
  • Adenomyosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Blood disorders
  • Thyroid disease, liver disorders, or renal impairment

Prevention of Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia is not completely preventable. But doing the following may reduce the risk of menorrhagia:

  • Sleep 6-8 hours at night
  • Avoid stress or fatigue
  • Do regular exercise 5 times per week
  • Consume lots of green vegetables and whole grains
  • Drinking water 1.5-2 liters per day