Understanding Meningioma – Meningioma is a tumor arising from the layer of meningeal, which is a membrane located in the brain and spinal cord. Not just a brain tumor, the disease falls into that category because it can push or brain, which, or is ill.

Meningioma is one of the most common types of tumors in the head. Most meningiomas develop slowly for years, with no symptoms. However, in some cases, the impact caused on the brain tissue, nerves, or surrounding blood vessels can cause disability.

Meningiomas are more common in women and often occur at older ages-though they can occur at any age. Since most meningiomas grow slowly with no significant signs or symptoms, these conditions do not necessarily require when and when they can be monitored over time.


Diagnosis of Meningioma

To determine the diagnosis of meningioma is difficult because the tumor generally grows slowly. The progression of meningioma symptoms is also slow and can sometimes be similar to symptoms of other diseases or is considered a sign of normal aging.

If your treating doctor suspects a meningioma, you may be referred to a neurologist for further evaluation.

To determine the diagnosis of meningioma, the doctor will perform a thorough neurological examination and then followed by imaging examinations, such as:

  • Computerized Tomography (CT) scan, to get a cross-sectional view of the brain.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, which uses magnetic fields and sound waves to create cross-sectional images of existing structures in the brain. An MRI examination can show a more detailed picture of the brain and meningioma.

In some cases, examination of a sample from a tumor using a biopsy method may be necessary to rule out another type of tumor diagnosis.


Risk Factors Meningioma

Risk factors include:

  • Treatment with radiation. Radiation therapy that involves the process of radiation on the head can increase the risk of meningioma.
  • Female hormones. Meningiomas are more common in women, so doctors believe that female hormone may play a role.
  • Congenital abnormalities in the nervous system. Rare neurofibromatosis type 2 increases the risk of meningioma and other brain tumors.

Complications of meningioma

Meningioma complications and treatment processes such as surgery and radiation therapy may cause long-term complications, including Difficulty concentrating

  • Memory loss
  • Personality changes
  • Seizures

Doctors can treat multiple complications and refer you to a specialist to help deal with other complications.

Symptoms of Meningioma

Signs and symptoms of meningioma generally occur gradually and can start with very mild symptoms. Depending on the position of the head and the spine, signs and symptoms may include:

  • See power changes, such as double vision or foggy views
  • Progressive headaches
  • Hearing loss or hearing a ringing sound
  • Memory loss
  • The loss of the ability to smell
  • Seizures
  • Weakness in the arms and legs

what is meningioma

Treatment of Meningioma

Treatment of meningiomas depends on a variety of factors, including:

  • The size and location of the meningioma
  • Growth speed
  • Age and overall health
  • The purpose of handling

Generally, small, slowly growing tumors may not require direct, aggressive treatment, and periodic monitoring may be possible. In this case, periodic imaging can be performed to evaluate the condition of the meningioma and see if there are signs of growth.

If meningiomas cause signs and symptoms that interfere with or show signs of growth, your treating doctor may recommend surgery. The appointment may be part or all of the meningioma, depending on the location.

If the meningioma is not fully removed, the doctor may recommend radiation therapy after the surgical procedure. Radiation therapy aims to kill the remaining meningioma cells and decrease the likelihood of recurrence of meningioma.

Radiation therapy is performed using equipment that directs a high-energy energy wave to the tumor cell. Many different types of radiation therapy can be done, depending on the location and size of the meningioma.

Chemotherapy drugs are rarely used to treat meningiomas but can be suggested in cases that do not show a response to surgery and radiation. However, the most appropriate type of treatment is still in the research stage.

Cause of Meningioma

The cause of meningioma is not known for certain. Experts know that there is a process that alters the partial structure of cells in the meningeal layer that makes the cell double its control, leading to the formation of a meningioma tumor.

Several risk factors that are thought to increase the likelihood of meningiomas are:

  • Exposure to radiation. Radiation therapy that involves irradiation of radiation to the head can increase the risk of meningioma.
  • Hormonal factors. Meningiomas are more common in women, which makes the experts suspect that certain hormones can play a role. Several studies have also led to a link between breast cancer and meningioma risk associated with the role of certain hormones.
  • Inherited nerve system diseases. There is a rare nerve disorder called type 2 neurofibromatosis that increases the risk of meningioma and other brain tumors.
  • The high body mass index (BMI) is associated with the risk of several types of cancer. Individuals who are obese are associated with a higher prevalence of meningioma.

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