Understanding Lymphoma – Lymphoma is cancer that occurs in the lymph nodes. The lymph node is a body organ that serves to keep the immune system and protect the body from germ infections.

Lymph nodes in the human body are present in various places-between the neck, the armpits, the groin, the tonsils, the spleen, and the bone marrow. Therefore, symptoms of lymphoma can vary, depending on the location of which lymph nodes are affected.

In general, there are two types of lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Both of these types can only be known for sure after the doctor conducted a series of examinations.


Diagnosis of Lymphoma

Determination of lymphoma diagnosis is established through a series of tests required to confirm lymphoma disease include:

  • A thorough physical examination by a doctor
  • Blood examination
  • Biopsy (action taking part or all of abnormal lymph node tissue) for examination by microscope
  • Radiological examination, such as x-rays, ultrasound, CT scan or MRI
  • Bone marrow aspiration


Symptoms of Lymphoma

There are several symptoms of lymphoma are often encountered, namely:

  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or in the groin
  • Prolonged fever for no apparent reason
  • Feel tired and lethargic
  • Excessive sweating at night
  • Weight loss down drastically
  • Hard to breathe
  • Abdominal pain
  • Coughing continuously for no apparent reason


Treatment of Lymphoma

Treatment of lymphomas depends on the type of lymphoma experienced (Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). But in general, treatment of lymphoma patients involves chemotherapy and radiation action.

Chemotherapy is usually served as many as 6-8 cycles. While radiation is done at the location of the lymph nodes that turn into malignant.


Cause of Lymphoma

The cause of lymphoma is not known for certain. But some conditions cause a person more at risk of developing lymphoma, namely:

  • Experiencing immune disorders, such as autoimmune disease or people with HIV / AIDS
  • Consuming immunosuppressant drugs (drugs that suppress the immune system) post organ transplant
  • Infected with Ebstein Batt virus
  • Has a family history of lymphoma
  • Smokers or frequent exposure to cigarette smoke

Prevention of Lymphoma

Nothing can definitely prevent a person from developing lymphoma. HIV / AIDS is one disease that increases a person’s risk of developing lymphoma.

Therefore, by preventing HIV / AIDS (avoiding free sex and avoiding injecting drug use), the risk of developing lymphoma is also lower.