LEPROSY DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

LEPROSY DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Leprosy Disease – Leprosy, also known as leprosy or Morbus Hansen, is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. This disease attacks the peripheral nerves (primer), skin, and other body tissues except for the central nervous system. Attacks on the nervous system will cause the sufferer to numb.
In the past, this disease had become one of the most feared diseases. However, leprosy can actually be treated and prevented.
LEPROSY

Diagnosis of Leprosy Disease

To determine the diagnosis of leprosy, the doctor will conduct a series of medical interviews and perform a physical examination directly to find typical common symptoms. The signs of leprosy vary, depending on the level or type of the disease.

Symptoms of Illness Leprosy

Symptoms of leprosy that can be recognized include:
  • Reddish bumps
  • Numbness, such as loss of touch sensation and pain in the skin
  • There is enlargement of blood vessels, usually around the knee and elbow
  • There is a change of face shape
  • Often experienced nosebleeds
  • The loss of fingers
leprosy teatment

Treatment of Disease Leprosy

For the treatment of leprosy, doctors will provide antibiotic drugs according to the type of leprosy suffered. Treatment is regularly given for 6 months and completed within a maximum of 19 months.
Surgery can be done as an advanced process with the aim of:
  • Normalize the function of damaged nerves
  • Improve the body shape of patients who experience changes
  • Returns the function of the body of the sufferer

Cause of Disease Leprosy

Leprosy disease caused by attack Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. These bacteria belong to a type of bacteria that can only develop in certain human and animal cells. The mode of transmission of Mycobacterium leprae bacteria is through the fluid from the nose that usually spreads into the air when the sufferer coughs or sneezes.
In addition to Mycobacterium leprae bacteria, several other factors contribute to the risk factors, such as:
  • Perform regular physical contact with lepers
  • Make direct contact with animal spreaders of Mycobacterium leprae bacteria unattended, such as gloves
  • Living in an endemic leper area
  • Experiencing genetic defects in the immune system

Prevention of Disease Leprosy

Since leprosy is a contagious disease, especially in people with low immunity, close contact with patients needs to be limited. It also needs to maintain the body’s immune system by exercising regularly and eating nutritious foods.
The following are recommendations to prevent transmission of leprosy:
  • Immediate treatment early on regularly against leprosy patients so that the bacteria are not spread
  • Avoid or reduce physical contact with long periods of time
  • Improve personal hygiene and cleanliness of the environment
  • Improve or maintain endurance, by exercising and improving nutritional fulfillment.
  • Try not to spit indiscriminately, because bacterial bacilli can still live for several days in droplet