LARYNGITIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

LARYNGITIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Laryngitis Disease – A sore throat is an inflammation of the throat caused by infection. This infection is generally acute and attacks the throat. When experiencing this condition, usually the patient will feel pain in the throat too hard to swallow.

Inflammation or also called streptococcal pharyngitis is a contagious infection that can be transmitted by direct contact with the sufferer. Contact can occur through activities involving mucus or saliva. For example: through a kiss or the use of a contaminated toothbrush.

Several health complications can be caused by a sore throat, such as:

  1. Ear infections
  2. Kidney inflammation (glomerulonephritis)
  3. Rheumatic fever
  4. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome
  5. Sinusitis SoreThroat

Diagnosis of Laryngitis Disease

In diagnosing sore throat, the doctor will conduct a medical interview first. Medical interviews include the question of whether you have fever, sore throat and pain during swallowing, and have a lump around the neck.

The doctor will also ask about the symptoms you are experiencing, and then pass them on to a physical exam. On physical examination, it can be found:

  • Enlarged tonsils.
  • The mucous membranes lining the throat are inflamed (either mild or severe) and are covered by a whitish membrane or pus.
  • Fever, can also without fever.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
  • In bacterial infections, the number of white blood cells will increase. Whereas in viral infections, the number of white blood cells is usually normal or slightly increased.
  • Smear check. In bacterial infections, in the examination of this opus will grow bacterial colonies in cultures in the laboratory.

Symptoms  of Illness Laryngitis

A sore throat can cause disturbing symptoms, such as:

  • Throat pain
  • Swallowing pain
  • Fever
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, usually complained of as a bulge around the neck
  • Dry throat
  • Reddish patches on the roof of the mouth
  • Enlarged tonsils

Sore Throat

Treatment of Disease Laryngitis

Treatment of a sore throat can be done by first getting first aid at home. First aid in strep throat is to consume pain relievers such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, or mefenamic acid.

If you want to take aspirin, please note that this drug should not be given to children and adolescents under the age of 18 because it can cause Reye’s syndrome.

You can also gargle with a warm salt solution. It aims to reduce pain in the throat. If not go away, consult a doctor immediately.

If the cause is suspected to be bacteria, then treatment is done by giving antibiotics. It is important for patients to take antibiotics until the drug runs out according to doctors, to avoid resistance to germs that cause strep throat.

A sore throat will create discomfort in eating activities. Therefore, to recover quickly, consume soft foods, and there is its gravy so easily swallowed.

During recovery, try to get plenty of rest and consume enough water.

 

Cause of Disease Laryngitis

A sore throat can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, or allergic reactions to allergens. However, in general, this health disorder is caused by group A streptococcal bacteria. However, other bacteria such as N. gonorrhea, C. diphtheria, and H. influenza can also trigger a sore throat.

A sore throat due to viral infection is usually due to rhinovirus, adenovirus, parainfluenza virus, and coxsackievirus. While allergens that trigger this disorder can vary. For example dry air, dust, pollen, or smoking habits.

Prevention of Disease Laryngitis

Perform the following actions to prevent strep throat:

  • Get used to washing hands. Especially after using the toilet, after sneezing or coughing, before eating, etc.
  • Avoid eating food or eating utensils together.
  • Use hand sanitizing fluid, if your condition is not possible to wash your hands.
  • Clean your phone, TV, and computer keyboard regularly using antiseptics.