Understanding Ingrown Nail Disease – Ingrown nail is a condition of the edge of the nail that sticks into the skin, so  The skin and tissue under the skin become swollen and redness. The ingrown nail can  occur with any fingernail, but the most common one is on the big toe.

The cause of Ingrown nail is not known with certainty. However, people who use  narrow or tight footwear, unnecessary clipping of nails (nails cut too short or too curved), finger or nail injuries, fungal infections in the legs, and heredity are things that make a person more at risk for the Ingrown nail. Ingrown-Toenails

Diagnosis of Ingrown Nail Disease

Generally, doctors only need to do a check on the nails to be able to confirm the  diagnosis ingrown nail. However, if accompanied by great or extensive inflammation,  sometimes X-rays are required to see if the bone is affected by an infection by the ingrown nail.


Symptoms of Illness Ingrown Nail

The main symptom that is felt is severe pain in the skin around the affected nail. Also, the fingers also become swollen, hard, and redness. When ingrown nail has occurred more than 1 week, can grow tissue (a kind of meat) on the edge of the Nail. If ingrown nail accompanied by infection can be pus out around the nail.


Treatment of Disease Ingrown Nail

When ingrown nail has occurred for less than 1 week, the sufferer can try to do the treatment at home first, by:

Soak feet or hands that have the ingrown nail with warm water for 10-15 minutes 3-4 times a day. No need to add salt, soap, antiseptics, or any substance to the water.

Once soaked, try to lift the edges of the nails that stick with a cotton bud.  If successfully lifted, paste the cotton or dental floss to keep the edge of the Nail stay up. This way will cause considerable pain, do it slowly.

Wash your affected legs or hands with running water and soap twice a day. After That, dry with a soft towel made from soft. Make sure the feet are dry and not moist throughout the day.

Avoid using shoes, try to use sandals until ingrown nail resolved.

If complaints due to ingrown nail do not improve after doing these four businesses within 3 days, patients should seek medical attention.

Generally, ingrown nail more effectively addressed by a “minor” operation (minor Surgery), by cutting and taking the edge of the nail that stuck to the skin. If all the fingernails on the finger look unhealthy (thick, hard, uneven), doctors can pull out the nails on the finger.

Ingrown Toenails causes

For this action to be comfortable and not to hurt the patient, local anesthetic Agents around the nails should be administered before surgery. Nail picking measures, either partially or completely, can generally be done with outpatient care alone.

Also, the doctor will assess whether it is accompanied by bacterial or fungal Infections. If there is a sign of bacterial infection, then the doctor will give Antibiotics. Meanwhile, if there is a sign of yeast infection, then the doctor will provide anti-fungal drugs.

Although already treated, about 10-30% of cases ingrown nail can be repeated. Take good precautions to avoid arising again.


Causes of Disease Ingrown Nail

Nail growth is a fairly fragile process – endlessly balancing the stress of nail and keep your nails sticking to the nails. Nails that grow too soon or slowly can disrupt this balance to change the curvature of the nail out of the nail groove. The sharp edges of the nail polish can flush out the proper nail groove and become  pushed in pressing the skin, causing an ingrown nail. Hand fingernails grow very slowly, but your toenails grow more slowly. This is why toenails are more susceptible to Ingrown nail.

At first, the skin around the nail Ingrown nail may feel soft, swollen, or hardened. But if left unchecked, the enormous pressure of sustained footwear, growing toenails can tear the skin down into the epidermis (the middle skin layer).

Bacteria can enter through this wound and then cause inflammation, pain, and infection. Ingrown nail may also bleed or excrete pus.

Prevention of Disease Ingrown Nail

Prevention of ingrown toenails can be done in the following ways:
Use fairly loose footwear, especially in the area of ??the fingers. Keep the footwear do not press the finger, do not cause the fingers to coincide each other when walking.

Cut the nails straight, not curved (the edges of the nails are not shorter). If the fingernails are hard and thick, soak the fingers in warm water for 10-15 minutes before cutting the nails.