Understanding IndigestionIndigestion is a disorder of the digestive system that includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, and anus. Whereas the digestive system serves to receive food, digest, absorb nutrients, and remove the rest.

The digestive system is a large part of the body. In addition to the beginning and end points of the digestive system, several other organs are also associated with the digestive system such as the liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.

Common digestive disorders include GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), and IDB (inflammatory bowel disease).


Diagnosis of Indigestion

In the process of determining the diagnosis of indigestion, the doctor will find out the cause. Doctors can also think of possible diagnoses from a history of illness and physical examination.

Investigations that may help doctors to confirm diagnoses such as blood tests, stool culture tests, blood culture tests, X-rays with an enema, CT scan or MRI, endoscopy or colonoscopy.


Symptoms of Indigestion

Symptoms of digestive disorders are quite varied, including:

  • Sour taste in the mouth
  • A sore throat, heartburn, abdominal pain
  • Difficult to swallow
  • Burning sensation in the esophagus
  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloated
  • Constipation
  • Bloody chapter
  • Often burp
  • Weak
  • No appetite
  • Weight loss

Treatment of Indigestion

Treatment for indigestion depends on the cause. Lifestyle changes can relieve symptoms. The use of drugs will usually help solve the problem. Sometimes invasive surgery is needed such as surgery to treat indigestion.


Cause of Indigestion

Digestive disorders can be caused due to various diseases, such as:

  • Gastritis
  • Dyspepsia
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Intestinal infections
  • Appendix
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Pancreatitis
  • Bowel cancer

Prevention of Indigestion

Preventing the occurrence of digestive disorders can be done by living a healthy lifestyle. Here are some of the things you can do:

  • Avoid eating too much in one meal
  • Do not eat too fast
  • Avoid high-fat foods
  • Avoiding excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine
  • Consuming enough fiber
  • Drink a lot of water
  • Avoid or stop smoking
  • Avoid excessive use of anti-pain medications
  • Avoid stress
  • Keep the weight to stay ideal
  • Maintain cleanliness