HEPATITIS A DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

HEPATITIS A DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Hepatitis A Disease – Hepatitis A is an inflammatory disease of the liver caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection. Most people with hepatitis A are children, and only one in ten people with hepatitis A are under six years of age who have jaundice.

Unlike other types of hepatitis, hepatitis A does not cause permanent liver damage and rarely lasts for years.

However, in certain cases, hepatitis A can cause the liver does not work suddenly. This is especially true in elderly people or those with chronic liver disease. Also, in some patients with this infection can relapse again.

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Diagnosis of Hepatitis A Disease

Consult a physician immediately following any of the following:

  • You experience the symptoms of hepatitis A

    Generally, to detect hepatitis A virus should be tested on blood samples.

  • You are just in a situation that can result in exposure to hepatitis A virus, but do not experience any symptoms early treatment may prevent infection.
  • You feel the need to get hepatitis A vaccination. Blood tests are essential for immediate diagnosis. This is important because it can rule out other serious illnesses whose symptoms are almost identical.

The diagnosis of hepatitis A is made by gathering information by the physician based on the symptoms you are feeling. It also needs a blood test. You can be diagnosed with hepatitis A if the blood test results indicate a positive antibody reaction.

If the results of a blood test show positive for hepatitis A, the doctor will examine the condition of the liver. The examination can be done through a support test called liver function evaluation. Also can be done ultrasound examination.

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Symptoms of Illness Hepatitis A

Symptoms of hepatitis A arise about four weeks after infection occurs. However, not all people with hepatitis A will show symptoms. That’s why the disease is sometimes difficult to realize.

Early symptoms

Some of the symptoms that sufferers may experience:

  • Feeling tired
  • Painful joints and muscles
  • A mild fever, usually no more than 39 ° C
  • Missing appetite
  • Nausea
  • Feeling pain in the upper right abdomen
  • A headache, sore throat, and cough
  • Constipation or even diarrhea
  • Urticaria

The symptoms above usually last for several days or several weeks.

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Advanced symptoms

After initial symptoms, the person will also experience the following conditions:

  • Skin and eyes look yellowed
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Stool is pale
  • The skin feels itchy, and there is a rash
  • The upper right abdomen is swollen

Most people with hepatitis A can recover completely within a few months. Symptoms alone can be lost-up to six months.

Symptoms of a more serious condition

Hepatitis A usually does not have a serious impact, but in some cases, it can lead to liver organ failure. Symptoms of liver organ failure, including:

  • Sudden vomiting
  • Easily bruised or injured, e.g., frequent nosebleeds
  • Difficult focus and difficult to remember something
  • Sleepy
  • Confusion

Consult your doctor immediately if you experience any of the above symptoms. Failure of liver function can be fatal if not treated quickly.

Treatment of Disease Hepatitis A

This disease has no special treatment because the immune system will fight and eliminate the virus by itself. So, the purpose of handling hepatitis A is to relieve symptoms experienced by the sufferer.

The hepatitis A patient should do the following during the recovery period:

  • Rest. People with hepatitis A will feel tired especially in the early days of infection.
  • Overcome nausea and vomiting. Nausea can affect your appetite. So, instead of eating in a normal portion, eat small portions but often. Also, avoid fatty foods. Doctors may administer anti-inflammatory or antimonial drugs in tablets, capsules, or injections.
  • Rest the liver. Do not consume alcoholic beverages or drugs that can affect the liver. If you are undergoing treatment for other diseases, discuss with your doctor about doses or types of drugs that are safe for hepatitis A.

Cause of Disease Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is caused by a hepatitis A virus that can easily spread. The main way of dissemination is through foods or beverages that have been contaminated with hepatitis A feces.

Here are the risk factors that can increase the spread of hepatitis A virus:

  • Bad sanitation
  • Contact directly with the person
  • Share a syringe
  • Having sex with people, especially anal sex
  • Men have sex with men
  • Work in areas related to dirt, e.g., janitor times

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Prevention of Disease Hepatitis A

The main spread of hepatitis A is through contaminated food or drink. Thus, the main preventive measure is to maintain cleanliness.

Make sure you wash your hands before and after meals, avoid the consumption of undercooked foods, and avoid buying food from a less secure place. Another step is to get hepatitis A vaccination.

Prevention and treatment efforts for hepatitis A may be performed by vaccinations or hepatitis A immunization can be done in its own form/havrix or combined form with hepatitis B vaccine (twinrix). Immunizations are also given to toddlers and children ranging in age from 2 to 18 years old once.

While in adults can be done with immunization (booster) after 6-12 months of first immunization. This immunization can last 15-20 years. If a person has been immunized, he or she may get back Hepatitis A, possibly because of VBA infections that occur between 2-4 weeks after immunization, because at that time the body has not produced enough antibody.

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