Understanding Heart palpitationsHeart palpitations are conditions in which a person feels a strong, fast, or irregular heart work. Usually, the patient feels uncomfortable with the emergence of palpitations.

Heart Palpitations

Diagnosis of Heart palpitations

Need to be thoroughly evaluated in a recommendation to consult a doctor to know the heart rate due to a normal or serious illness. The examination is done through a series of medical interviews to find out- frequency and duration of complaints- triggers- the presence of symptoms of abnormal conditions- family history- complaints related to the cause of palpitations (e.g., history of anemia bleeding).

It also requires a physical examination to check for vital signs, neck and head examination, cardiac examination, check whether or not tremor exists. While the investigation can be done is an EKG examination (cardiac record), laboratory tests, especially hemoglobin levels, electrolytes, kidney function, thyroid hormone, etc.

Symptoms  of Heart palpitations

there may be some symptoms that you may experience when you experience heart palpitations are:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Sensations such as heart-stopping or jumping

The existence of symptoms ‘red flag’ can indicate conditions that require special attention, these symptoms include:

  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Chest pain
  • Out of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat, including heart rate> 120 times / min or <45 times / min while resting
  • The presence of heart disease
  • Have a history of fainting recurring or sudden death in the family
  • Palpitations are triggered by physical activity, especially if accompanied by a fainting complaint

Treatment of Heart palpitations

Treatment is tailored to the cause of the pounding heart symptoms that appear. To treat palpitations that are not caused by any serious illness,

the use of beta-blocker drugs such as propranolol and metoprolol may be considered. This drug can reduce the burden of the heart and lower blood pressure.

Heart Palpitations

Cause of Heart palpitations

Although often harmless, but some diseases can cause heart palpitations. In general, the cause of palpitations is two, sourced from the heart (such as heart rhythm abnormalities or structural heart abnormalities) or non-cardiac (such as psychiatric illness, drugs, anemia, thyroid disease, etc.)

Prevention of Heart palpitations

Heart-pounding sensations that are not caused by serious illness can be prevented by:

  • Routine exercise
  • Stop the consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and cigarettes
  • Meet the needs of daily fluids by drinking water as much as 8 cups or 2 liters per day.
  • Reduce stress