Understanding Headache Disease – A headache is one of the many complaints felt by adults. The World Health Organization (WHO) notes that at least half the world’s adult population has experienced headaches each year. Headaches can be throbbing sensations, such as being stabbed, or like being tied up.

According to the International Headache Society, there are two types of headaches:

  • Primary headaches, namely headaches caused due to interference on the part of the head, such as muscles, blood vessels, or nerves.
  • A secondary headache, i.e., a headache caused by another disease.

Most of the headache complaints experienced by someone is a primary headache.


Diagnosis of Headache Disease

Generally, to determine the type of a headache experienced, no additional examination is required. However, if a headache cannot be overcome with drugs, sometimes required further examination such as CT scan or MRI.

Symptoms  of Illness Headache

Symptoms of a headache vary, depending on the type of a headache. A primary headache consists of three types, namely migraine, tension-type headache, and cluster headache.

A tension headache is the most common type of a headache experienced by adults. This type of a headache is characterized by headaches like being fastened, or the head and neck are stiff.

A migraine is characterized by complaints of pulsating headaches, often felt only on one side of the head. When a headache develops, visible complaints of blurred vision, numb hands or feet, difficulty speaking, or other neurological disorders (medically called aura).

Cluster headaches cause headache complaints such as piercing, especially in the area around the eyes. Because of severe pain, the eyes and nose often become watery.

In secondary headaches, especially those caused by brain tumors, strokes, and cerebral hemorrhages, headaches are felt so intense that they seem unbearable, with spraying vomit, even consciousness can be disrupted.

Treatment of Disease Headache

The primary treatment of a primary headache is resting and taking anti-pain drugs, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. When headaches recur, doctors will usually give other drugs-for example tricyclic antidepressants, beta-blockers, serotonin receptor agonists, to prevent headaches from recurring.

Meanwhile, the treatment of secondary headaches is highly dependent on the cause. When the cause is a brain tumor or cerebral hemorrhage, surgery is generally required.

headache therapy

Cause of Disease Headache

The cause of primary headaches is excessive stimulation of blood vessels, muscles, or nerves in the head and neck regions. The underlying cause of this excessive stimulation is not known for sure, but the conditions of stress, anxiety, fatigue, or depression often trigger the condition.

While secondary headaches can be caused by many diseases. Some of these are brain tumors, brain hemorrhage, glaucoma, stroke, and so on.

Prevention of Disease Headache

To prevent headaches, the following needs to be done:

  • Avoid stress as much as possible
  • Get used to having time for relaxation. Relaxation can be done by sleeping, sports, recreation, doing hobbies, and others.
  • Eat regularly
  • Exercise 4-5 times a week, with a duration of 30-60 minutes each time