GONORRHEA DEFINITION, DIAGNOSIS, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

GONORRHEA DEFINITION, DIAGNOSIS, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Gonorrhea – Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. This disease can infect both men and women through sex.

Indeed, gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Alert! This disease can infect both men and women through sex. Furthermore, in some cases, it is also revealed that this disease can also infect babies born to mothers with similar disease complaints.

  How to Treat Gonorrhea

Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

To make the diagnosis, doctors will generally make anamnesis and physical examination and other investigations, such as:

  • Urine test. This check is performed to determine whether bacteria or not in the patient’s urethra.
  • Taking a sample of pus.

Symptoms of Gonorrhea

Did you know that in many cases patients usually do not realize that he is exposed to gonorrhea? This will continue until the person concerned shows certain clinical symptoms, such as:

Man

  • Exit pus during urination
  • It hurts when urinating
  • Pain or swelling in one of the testes

Woman

  • Whitish abnormalities
  • Pain while urinating
  • Bleeding from the vagina (outside of menstruation)
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Pain in the pelvic or abdominal area

gonorrhea

In addition to the genital area, it turns out gonorrhea can also cause symptoms in other body areas, such as:

  • Anus. Symptoms of gonorrhea in the anus usually characterized by itching, pus out of the rectum, and the appearance of blood spots (bright red) when defecating.
  • Eye. If the organ is also affected by gonorrhea infection, it can be ascertained that the symptoms that arise include the increased sensitivity to light and the appearance of pus from one or both eyes
  • Throat. In the throat, gonorrhea can trigger the onset of pain and swelling of lymph nodes.
  • The joints. In fact, one or many joints infected by bacteria (septic arthritis) will feel warm, red, swollen, and painful.

Gonorrhea risk factors

Apparently, several factors cause a person more susceptible to this disease, such as:

  • Accustomed to apply free sex
  • Often replace sex partners
  • Have a history of other sexually transmitted infections
  • (Baby) Born from gonorrhea-infected mother

gonorrhea symptoms

Complications of Gonorrhea

This disease if untreated can prove to cause various medical complications, such as:

  • Infertility in women. In fact, gonorrhea in untreated women can spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes. Impact, related patients become more susceptible to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) triggers scarring.
  • Infertility in men. Watch Out! If not treated immediately, in men proven to trigger other medical complaints, namely epididymitis
  • Spreading infection of joints and other body parts. It is rare to know that the bacteria that cause this disease can spread through the bloodstream and infect joints and other body parts.
  • Increased risk of HIV / AIDS. Having gonorrhea actually makes a person more vulnerable to infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) -virus that leads to AIDS.
  • Complications in infants. Finally, untreated gonorrhea in pregnant women may increase the risk of blind, infected, or scarred infants.

Treatment of Gonorrhea

Generally, treatment of this disease in adult patients involves antibiotic therapy. This is in line with the statement of experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention who recommend a combination of injectable and oral antibiotics for more effective gonorrhea treatment.

Especially for cases of gonorrhea that infect the baby, the doctor will usually suggest treatment in the eye area first (the eye is the body part of the baby most often affected by this disease). However, if already developed into other baby parts of the body, then antibiotic therapy is considered as the most appropriate medical treatment measures tried.

Gonorrhea Signs and symptoms

Cause of Gonorrhea

Causes Gonorrhea is caused by the germ Neisseria Gonorrhoea (gonococcus), which is a gram-negative diplococcus. These germs mainly infect the human mucous membranes, namely genitals, burrows, eye mucous membranes, and throat. Gonorrhea can be contagious if a person has sex, vagina, rectum or mouth with someone who has had the infection without using a condom.

Not all symptoms of gonorrhea are the same, but the cause of gonorrhea remains the same. Symptoms caused by genital gonorrhea disease depends on the sex and levels of gonorrhea, in men the symptoms caused by gonorrhea disease is often pus out of the urinary tract, and it is very hot like burning, the tip of red and swollen testicles.

While in women almost a lot of symptoms caused by gonorrhea disease, such as feeling abdominal pain, urinary tract infections, vagina or cervix, urine greenish yellow, increasing fluid coming out of the vagina and feel pain during urination.

Prevention of Gonorrhea

To avoid this illness, you can practice some preventive measures, such as:

  • Use a condom. This safety device must be used every time you have sexual contact, whether anal, oral, or vaginal.
  • Ask your partner to conduct a sexually transmitted infection test. In this way, you can tell if your partner has a history of sexually transmitted infections, including this disease.
  • Do not have sex in vain! That is, you are encouraged to avoid sexual intercourse with a partner who is not clear his medical history. Why? Because it could have some or many symptoms of sexual diseases, such as disruption when urinating or itching in the genital area

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