Understanding Gestational Diabetes Disease – Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. This condition can occur because it is triggered by changes in glucose metabolism when pregnant, especially for gestational age above 6 months.

This disease usually threatens pregnant women with excess body weight, has a history of diabetes in the family, and had delivered babies weighing up to 4 kg. Also, women who have a history of having a baby die and a history of abortion more than once (especially in high blood sugar) are also at high risk.


Diagnosis of Gestational Diabetes Disease

Examination required for gestational diabetes is an examination of blood sugar test, internal organs, and muscles through ultrasound (ultrasound). This is to detect fetal abnormalities.

If you already start feeling the symptoms of gestational diabetes, immediately do a blood test to detect gestational diabetes. Most pregnant women experience the same symptoms at 24 and 28 weeks’ gestation. However, if you feel it early in pregnancy, your doctor may test early in pregnancy. When going to the test, you will be given a sweet drink containing sugar and your blood will be brought in every hour for three times to test the sugar levels. The blood test will help to confirm the diagnosis. If the test results found abnormal, you may be affected by gestational diabetes.

Also, if you are detected to have complications in pregnancy, it is better to do additional tests to determine the health of your fetus. This additional test is used to check the condition of the placental cable which is the organ that gives oxygen and nutrients from mother to baby. This is very important because when exposed to gestational diabetes, its function is less placental strap may compromise the survival of the fetus in the womb.

Symptoms  of Illness Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes usually does not show obvious symptoms, so you should do an early check to detect this disease. However, there are some circumstances that you can suspect and be aware of as symptoms, such as:

  • View becomes blurred
  • Easily tired
  • Often experience an infection during wounds, such as on the skin until the vagina
  • Frequent urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Weight loss, even though appetite has begun to increase

In pregnant women with gestational diabetes, it usually increases the likelihood of a cesarean section and gives birth to a baby under the following conditions:

  • Babies born with excess body weight up to 4 kg.
  • Calcium levels in the body are low to below normal limits.
  • Blood sugar levels are very low below normal limits. This happens a few hours after the baby is born.
  • The number of red blood cells that die and rupture to produce the yellow pigment that is in the blood, urine, and stools. This can cause the skin of the body turn yellow.
  • The respiratory condition of the baby is inhibited until hard to breathe.
  • The risk of fetal death at birth

Treatment of Disease Gestational Diabetes

Monitoring sugar levels in the body are highly recommended for people with gestational diabetes. The goal is that women can control the intake of food consumed every day. In addition to monitoring and monitoring of sugar levels, gestational diabetes patients are advised to do the following therapies:

  • Diet by regulating the intake of nutrients

This therapy aims to provide adequate nutrition for mothers and fetuses, control blood sugar levels, and prevent the occurrence of increased levels of carbon in the blood due to carbohydrate deficiency.

  • Sport

Exercise is very important to help improve the condition of the body, especially cycling, jog and upper body work. Also, you are also encouraged to feel your own uterus when exercising. In the event of a contraction, immediately stop the exercise.

  • Treatment of insulin

The administration of this particular dose of insulin was recommended by The American Diabetes Association in 1999 when dietary therapy failed. This therapy is usually recommended for pregnant women with severe diabetes. In fact, to save the fetus, doctors may suggest that pregnancy is terminated earlier in weeks 36 to 38-especially when pregnancy is followed by other complications, such as high blood pressure or obesity.


Cause of Disease Gestational Diabetes

The main thing that can trigger gestational diabetes is the insulin hormone that can not function properly. Because during pregnancy, there are hormones that block the hormone insulin, consequently sugar will jump sharply.

Also, the things that can lead to gestational diabetes are:

  • A history of diabetes in close family offspring.
  • Have a weight exceeding normal weight.
  • Never have a baby with weight more than 4 kg.

Prevention of Disease Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes can be prevented by applying the following:

  • Check your blood sugar regularly. If you already have symptoms of gestational diabetes, regularly check before severe complications occur in the fetus.
  • Routine checkup. Perform the gynecologic examination by the applicable provisions and by the age of the pregnancy.
  • Reduce sugar. Replace the intake of foods containing high levels of sugar with foods containing protein, vegetables, and fruit.
  • Still in. Do not over-limit your activities during pregnancy. Mild exercise during pregnancy will be better for the condition of pregnancy. Consult your doctor about safe exercise during pregnancy.