GERD DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

GERD DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding GERD Disease – Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic disease of the digestive system. GERD occurs when stomach acid rises back into the esophagus (esophagus). This can cause irritation of the esophagus.

Under normal circumstances, food should go into the mouth to the esophagus, then into the stomach. Their food generally lasts for three to four hours to digest. But in the case of GERD, there is an abnormality. Food that has been collected in the stomach rises back into the esophagus – or it could be just a liquid stomach acid.

When stomach acid or food rises back into the esophagus, most people experience a burning or hot sensation in the chest. If you experience this at least twice a week, you most likely suffer from GERD.

Disturbances that are quite heavy and interfere with activity and sleep can also be an indication of GERD. If it is not handled properly, it can lead to complications that could harm you. For example, inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis) that can cause bleeding, ulcers, ulcers, to scar tissue in the esophagus.

This scar tissue can make the esophagus more narrow which will further disrupt the process of swallowing. Among 10-15% of prolonged GERD sufferers can lead to more serious health problems. One of them is Barrett’s esophagus which can become the cancer of the esophagus later in life.

GERD

Diagnosis of GERD Disease

To diagnose GERD, your doctor will collect information from you. The goal is to know the symptoms that you feel. Also, examination of the amount of stomach acid for 24 hours can also be done to find out how often and how long the process of rising stomach acid occurs.

To see the state of the esophageal and gastric mucous membranes, the doctor may perform a radiologic examination of the barium meal. Before being photographed, you will be asked to drink barium liquid. After that just do a photo with X-ray.

Also, the examination can also be done with endoscopy, which is a camera tool that can monitor the immediate state of your esophagus and stomach. Injuries and ulcers – if any – can be clearly seen through this examination.

Symptoms of Illness GERD

GERD usually has symptoms similar to mag diseases. However, here are some signs of GERD that you need to be aware of:

  • A burning sensation in the chest that sometimes radiates into the esophagus. This burning can last for 2 hours and is generally burdensome after a meal. Lying can also aggravate the symptoms.
  • The sensation can also be accompanied by a sour or bitter taste in the mouth
  • Chest pain
  • Difficult to swallow
  • Dry cough
  • Throat pain and hoarseness

Treatment of Disease GERD

GERD therapy can be done by taking stomach acid-suppressing drugs such as omeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole. These drugs are consumed before meals.

Baclofen is a drug to strengthen the sphincter that can be given. The sphincter itself is a muscle fiber ring located on the inner surface of the body. Its function is to regulate the travel of substances needed by the body.

Drugs to facilitate the movement of the gastrointestinal tract are also sometimes Given – such as domperidone. However, all of these medicines should be taken at the doctor’s instructions.

If the conventional treatment of GERD still cannot be overcome, then the necessary surgical action. The surgical method used aims to strengthen the esophageal sphincter to be stronger. The goal is that GERD does not happen again.

If you suspect a GERD interruption, there are several actions you can take. Positioning the head pillow slightly higher will minimize the symptoms you feel. You can also overcome the symptoms of GERD while taking the drug over the counter (antacids). If not successful, consult a doctor immediately.

GERD can be prevented by eating dinner last 3 hours before going to bed. Avoid also the consumption of foods and beverages that can trigger GERD. For example spicy foods, sour, oily and soft drinks. Also, quit smoking and keep your weight ideal. If you have a problem with being Overweight, do a healthy diet to avoid GERD. If necessary, consult a nutritionist. Eating foods with small portions but often can also help.

Avoid using clothes that are too tight. The clothing can press the stomach and Esophageal sphincter, thus facilitating the occurrence of GERD. This does look trivial, but it can help prevent you from health problems that could harm you.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease GERD

Cause of Disease GERD

GERD is caused due to weakness or failure of the relaxation of the ring in charge of regulating the process of opening and closing the door/valve that connects the Lower esophagus in the stomach. The weakness of this sphincter can happen by itself in a pregnant woman or an obese person.

Also, those who suffer from asthma, diabetes, scleroderma, and hiatus hernia Disease are also prone to GERD. Some foods are also suspected to trigger GERD. Among others are coffee, alcohol, chocolate, fried foods, tomato sauce, garlic, and onions.

Another thing that can also increase the risk of GERD is a bad habit that someone does-whether consciously or not. Like smoking and eating habits within three hours before bedtime.

Prevention of Disease GERD

  • The first GERD Prevention Step is to avoid smoking. If you are an active smoker, Stop bad habits that have a negative impact on your health. If you can not Immediately stop smoking, avoid it and stay away from it slowly. Because other than as a cause of GERD disease, smoking is also one of the bad habits that trigger the occurrence of deadly chronic diseases such as lung, heart attack, impotence, various diseases of cancer and tumors, and other chronic diseases.
  • Avoid using clothes that are too tight especially around the abdomen, because this can also improve the symptoms of GERD.
  • Obesity or obesity is more likely to suffer from GERD disease and related Symptoms. Thus, if you have excess weight, immediately make weight loss by starting a lifestyle and a healthier diet.
  • Patients with GERD disease are recommended to eat smaller and eat more often than To eat big three times a day. If you want to eat then at least 4 hours before bed Last meal. And do not forget, do not lie down after eating, Because it can worsen the symptoms of GERD itself.
  • Stay away from and avoid the consumption of certain types of foods and beverages, including alcohol, coffee, chocolate, tomatoes, or foods that contain high fat, or spicy foods.
  • Raising the head position during sleep, which is about 20 cm (8 inches), this the method is believed to be effective enough to help reduce symptoms of GERD disease.
  • For people with GERD disease, it is aimed to stop the consumption of drugs to neutralize and reduce the levels of these acids, such as nitrates, Anticholinergics, tricyclic antidepressants, NSAIDs, and similar drugs. Use drugs that can neutralize and reduce levels of stomach acid, namely: antacids, Alginates (alternatives to antacids), and the like.