Understanding Fibroadenoma – Fibroadenoma is the most common cause of breast lumps in young women aged 20-30 years. In fact, fibroadenoma can occur in women of any age even in men although very rare.

Fibroadenoma is divided into three types:

  1. Simple fibroadenoma
    Lumps 1-3 cm in size. When examined under a microscope, simple fibroadenoma cell types all appear to be the same.
  2. Fibroadenoma complex
    Some cells of complex fibroadenoma will exhibit different features. If you develop a benign tumor, this will increase the risk of developing a malignant tumor or breast cancer later in life.
  3. Giant Fibroadenoma
    The size of fibroadenoma can sometimes exceed 5 cm so-called giant fibroadenoma. Often this disease is found in teenage girls until often referred to as juvenile fibroadenoma.

Diagnosis of Fibroadenoma

The doctor will diagnose fibroadenoma from physical examination and investigation of breast lumps. Physical examination includes the characteristics of the lump.

Investigations such as ultrasound are also performed to identify lumps. Usually in young women around 20s is enough physical examination and ultrasound. Mammogram examination performed on women aged 40 years and over. In certain cases that are still difficult to identify may require a biopsy examination.

Symptoms of Fibroadenoma

Fibroadenoma will appear as a breast lump. The lump is easy to move when touched and feels solid. Usually, this breast tumor does not provide pain. However, sometimes it can be painful when touched or painful when going to menstruation. New fibroadenomas may appear one or more lumps at once after the old ones are removed. The lump does not mean the old lump reappears.


Treatment of Fibroadenoma

Often, fibroadenomas will shrink and disappear by themselves. In rare cases such as giant fibroadenoma, surgical procedures are required by the physician. Fibroadenoma usually gets enlarged while pregnant or breastfeeding. However, it will shrink back after completion of pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Cause of Fibroadenoma

Until now, there is still no known exact cause of fibroadenoma. The theory attributes the emergence of fibroadeoma with increased sensitivity to the estrogen hormone.
These benign breast tumors develop from one lobule (milk-producing gland). The glandular tissue around the lobules and ducts grows and forms a solid lump.

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