EPIDIDYMITIS DEFINITION, CAUSE, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

EPIDIDYMITIS DEFINITION, CAUSE, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Epididymitis – Epididymitis is an inflammation of the epididymis. The epididymis itself is a twisted structure attached to the back of the testis and serves as a mature sperm storage.

This infection can affect men his age, although usually more attacking aged 14-35 years. Men who often change in pairs and have unprotected sex that is vulnerable to epididymitis through the bacteria that cause sexually transmitted infections.

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Diagnosis of Epididymitis

The diagnosis of epididymitis can be determined from medical interviews and physical examinations. From the collection of medical information will be found symptoms of pain in the scrotum. Pain may spread to the inguinal area with elevated body temperature. While on the physical examination will be found the scrotum is swollen and redness.

Through laboratory, the examination will be found an increase in leukocytes. Examination required to support the diagnosis of epididymitis is urine culture, gram stain penis dye, or color Doppler ultrasonography.

Symptoms of Epididymitis

Some of the signs that can generally occur in epididymitis include:

  • Scrotal pain is gradual
  • Scrotum has to swell
  • Reddish testes
  • Fever
  • Painful urination
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Enlargement of inguinal lymph nodes

epididymitis

Treatment of Epididymitis

The goal of epididymitis therapy is the recovery of infection and reduced transmission of the disease. One of the main therapies of epididymitis is done by adequate antibiotics. Some of the antibiotic options that can be used are levofloxacin and ceftriaxone.

Resting lying for two to three days is usually necessary to prevent excessive strain on the scrotum. Swelling and scrotal pain can be reduced by giving ice and analgesic compresses.

epididymis cause

Cause of Epididymitis

There are many possible causes of epididymitis. Generally, this disorder is caused by bacteria. There are several types of epididymitis-causing bacteria. Most are caused by sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia and gonorrhea. However, this infection may also occur due to urinary tract infections (urethritis), although not widely encountered.

In addition to bacteria, the virus becomes a dominant cause in children. In epididymitis caused by the virus, there is no pyuria (a mark of inflammation or bacterial attack found in the urine). Moderate epididymitis caused by tuberculosis bacilli often occurs in endemic areas of tuberculosis.

Prevention of Epididymitis

Prevention of epididymitis that can be done is to avoid risky behavior, such as free sex. Also, it is important always to maintain the cleanliness of urogenital areas or genitals.

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