Understanding Dyspepsia Disease – Heartburn or dyspepsia is a disorder that occurs in the midst of the abdomen. This disorder can lead to a collection of symptoms of pain in the pit of the stomach, bloating, nausea and vomiting, and so on. This pain can be absent, but it usually occurs on a continuous basis.

Dyspepsia can be a sign of serious problems. For example, a severe inflammatory disease in the stomach or stomach cancer. Therefore, early and appropriate handling is necessary.

Serious complications of heartburn or dyspepsia are rare. However, if not addressed immediately can cause injuries to the deep or widen the stomach. The condition that will occur depends on how long the stomach is exposed to stomach acid. But it can be ascertained that complications can be fatal because the patient is threatened with gastric cancer.


Diagnosis of Dyspepsia Disease

The suggested additional examination in diagnosing heartburn or dyspepsia depends on doctors’ suspicions of the direction of the diagnosis. For example, if a doctor’s suspicion of stomach wall damage can be done stool examination. However, if suspicion leads to gallstone disease or gallbladder abnormalities and liver, liver and ultrasound examinations may be performed.

The doctor will also suggest doing internal examination of the organs using endoscopes. If you still experience pain after being given the drug for 8 weeks, call your doctor immediately.


Symptoms of Illness Dyspepsia

Some of the symptoms that you feel when exposed to heartburn or dyspepsia, namely:

  • Pain and burning in the heartburn area
  • Full sense in the upper abdomen
  • The heat in the chest area
  • Bloated
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Often belch

Based on the dominant symptoms that appear, heartburn or dyspepsia is divided into three types, namely:

  • Dyspepsia ulcer type
    If the dominant complaint is a pain in the pit of the liver.
  • Dyspepsia type of dysmotility
    If the dominant complaint is bloating, nausea, and quickly satiated.
  • Dyspepsia is a non-specific type
    If the complaint is not clear to be grouped in one of the above types.

Treatment of Disease Dyspepsia

First aid to overcome heartburn or dyspepsia can be done by taking medicine recommended by the doctor. For example, by taking drugs containing antacids to reduce stomach acid. Do not forget to eat whatever food there is, increase water consumption, and rest.

Drugs can usually handle dyspepsia well. If you are injured in the stomach wall, stomach acid drugs can help to overcome them. If suspicions of infection arise, antibiotics may be given. If the doctor suspects that the drugs you are taking cause the disorder, then other medications will be given.

Cause of Disease Dyspepsia

Usually, heartburn or dyspepsia is caused by gastric ulcer disease or excess stomach acid. For example, if the disorder occurs below the navel, usually the diseased organ is the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, or gallbladder.

Do not rule out if the disturbance occurs above the navel, the organs above are involved as well.

Dyspepsia can also be caused by a variety of other things, which can be traced by category.

  1. Non-ulcer dyspepsia is an unknown cause of dyspepsia because – when endoscopy – the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum look normal, it does not show any ulcers at all. It is estimated that 6 out of 10 people with dyslexia fall into this category.
  2. Duodenal and stomach (gastric) ulcers, i.e. dyspepsia caused by ulcers in the duodenum or stomach. This type is often called peptic ulcer.
  3. Duodenitis and gastritis or inflammation of the duodenum and/or stomach. The inflammation may be mild or severe, depending on the ulcer.
  4. Acid reflux, oesophagitis, and GORD. Acid reflux occurs when the acid comes out of the stomach and rises into the esophagus. Acid reflux may cause esophagitis or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD – acid reflux, with or without esophagitis).
  5. A hiatus hernia or upper stomach pushes the lower chest through the troubled part of the diaphragm. A usual hiatus hernia only causes GORD.
  6. H. pylori bacterial infection.
  7. Side effects of certain drugs, such as anti-inflammatory drugs or other medications (e.g., antibiotics and steroids).

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Prevention of Disease Dyspepsia

Managing a lifestyle can prevent you from experiencing heartburn or dyspepsia. Here are ways you can apply:

  • Set the diet.
  • Avoid foods that contain high fats, such as chocolate and cheese.
  • Avoid foods that cause gases such as cabbage, cabbage, and potatoes.
  • Avoiding spicy foods.
  • Avoids cigarettes, alcohol, and drinks with high levels of caffeine.
  • Avoid drugs that can irritate the stomach.
  • Avoid excessive stress.