DIPHTHERIA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

DIPHTHERIA DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Diphtherias Disease – Diphtheria is an acute infection that is highly contagious and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Diphtheria usually occurs in the throat, nose, sometimes on the skin and ears.

Complications

If diphtheria is not treated promptly, the possible complications are:

  • Problem with breathing

The dead cells from the toxins produced by the diphtheria bacteria will form a gray tissue. This tissue can inhibit breathing.

  • Heart damage

In addition to lungs, diphtheria toxins have the potential to enter the heart and cause problems, such as irregular heartbeat, heart failure, and sudden death.

  • Nerve damage

Toxins can cause difficulty in swallowing, urinary problems, paralysis of the diaphragm, and swelling of the nerves of the hands and feet.

  • Hypertensive diphtheria

This diphtheria is the worst complication because it can trigger severe bleeding and kidney failure.

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Diagnosis of Diphtheria Disease

The diagnosis of diphtheria can be through patient interviews and physical examination. A more accurate way to know this disease is by identifying it using a fluorescent antibody technique, which adds a dye to the tissue you want to examine. If there is poison or bacteria, then in the network will arise a shining color.

Symptoms of Illness Diphtheria

Symptoms that occur in people with diphtheria depends on where the bacteria breed. Diphtheria is known by four types:

  • Diphtheria Nose

Starting from like flu symptoms, but then the nasal secretions are mixed with little blood.

In the form of inflammation of the mucous membrane and does not form a thin tissue.

  • Diphtheria and Trachea Diphtheria

In this diphtheria, the patient has difficulty making noise, shortness of breath, breath sounds, high fever up to 40 degrees Celsius, skin looks bluish, and swelling of the neck gland.

  • Diphtheria Skin

There are canker sores on the skin and genitals, accompanied by the onset of tissue on it. In this condition, the injuries that occur tend not to feel anything.

Treatment of Disease Diphtheria

In general, diphtheria patients should be isolated until the acute period is exceeded, i.e., usually up to 2-3 weeks. In this period of isolation, the patient should rest by lying down, providing for fluids, applying the diet by the doctor’s instructions, and keeping the breath free.

Patients will also be given antitoxin anti-diphtheria serum (ADS) given immediately after proven infected. Steroids are given when there are symptoms of breathlessness in the airways. Also, patients are advised not to be treated at home in order not to infect others.

After recovering from diphtheria, you should take a full diphtheria vaccine to prevent recurrence. Never suffering from diphtheria does not guarantee you will have lifelong immunity. You may experience diphtheria more than once if you do not get the complete immunization.

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Cause of Disease Diphtheria

Diphtheria is caused by a rod-shaped bacterium called Corynebacterium diphtheria. These bacteria spread through three routes:

  • Sneezing. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, contaminated vapors will be released and allow people around them to be exposed to the bacteria.
  • Contaminated with personal items. Diphtheria can be transmitted through personal belongings of an infected person. For example, if using a glass of unsaved old patients.
  • Contaminated with household goods. Although rare, diphtheria can also spread through common household items, such as towels or toys.

Also, you can also get diphtheria if it touches the wound of people who have been infected.

Prevention of Disease Diphtheria

Diphtheria can be prevented by DPT immunization (diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus). This immunization is given five times since children aged two months to six years.

There are several side effects of this immunization. Some children will experience mild fever, fussiness, weakness, and swelling in the area of ??the former injection. Ask your doctor about what you need to do to minimize these side effects.