Understanding Chickenpox Disease – Chickenpox is an infectious disease caused by varicella zoster virus. That is why  this disease is also known as varicella. Like other diseases that are also caused  by viruses, chicken pox can heal by itself (self-limiting disease).

Chickenpox generally affects children under the age of 10 years. However, in some cases, the disease can also be suffered by adults. Even in adults, the symptoms tend to be more severe than children.

Usually, a person will only suffer chickenpox once in his life. However, it is possible you can be exposed more than once. But actually, when it happens, the attack is no longer chicken pox but shingles or fire pox.

Characteristic of chicken pox is the appearance of reddish fluid-filled nodules and Itchy. After a few days, the nodules will dry and peel off. Pineapple pox usually appears on the face, back, scalp, chest, abdomen, arms, and legs.


Diagnosis of Chickenpox Disease

The process of diagnosis of chicken pox should not pass blood tests or tests. Diagnosis can be made by looking at one’s clinical symptoms. For pregnant or breastfeeding mothers, You should immediately consult a doctor if you have the symptoms of chicken pox. The chickenpox virus infected by pregnant women can affect the fetus it contains and causes abnormalities in the baby at birth. Rapid and appropriate diagnosis and treatment will reduce the risk of complications.

Doctors can also perform blood tests to confirm chicken pox. A laboratory examination to support the diagnosis of varicella is examination Ig G Elisa virus  Varicella. If your body has chickenpox virus antibodies, you are protected from the disease.

Symptoms of Illness Chickenpox

There are several symptoms of chicken pox. The main symptoms you can recognize are the fever followed by the appearance of a red rash. This red rash will turn into a stain-filled with dirty liquid with a form and texture that is easily recognizable. The condition is usually also accompanied by other symptoms – such as muscle aches and headaches.


Once a red rash appears, you will feel itchy. Know that not all chickenpox sufferers experience the same rash symptoms. There are those who experience it all over the body (up to the area of ??the mouth, ears, and buttocks). But there are also only on certain body parts – like scalp, face, arms, and legs.

Here are the stages of red rash changes:

  • The rash turns into a nodule and itchy
  • Nodules usually contain fluid, thin-walled, and susceptible to rupture
  • After a few days, the nodules will dry and flake by itself

Nodules usually does not appear simultaneously. Likewise when drying and peeling. There could be a nodule that dries and peeling, but in other parts, there are still not dry. Let the nodule rupture itself. If you break, then the risk of secondary the infection becomes widened.

The itching that arises from the chicken pox often makes the sufferer can not stand It. But you should be able to refrain from scratching it. For scratches on the nodules can make skin infection or trigger scar (scar) after you recover.

For adolescents and adolescents, symptoms usually appear more severe than in children. Adults with chickenpox also have a higher risk of complications. If your age is above 12 years, pregnant, or have a weakened immune system, you should immediately consult your doctor for appropriate treatment and can prevent complications.

Is it dangerous for chicken pox? This disease is often considered not life-threatening. But there are some people with chickenpox experienced more severe conditions. In some cases, there may be complications such as difficulty breathing, the skin around the nodule is red and symptoms of infection look. It can also occur dehydration symptoms such as dry mouth and rarely urinate. So do not ever underestimate it.

Treatment of Disease Chickenpox

Handling chickenpox depends on several conditions, among others:

  • Age
  • Health as a whole
  • Duration exposed to the virus
  • The severity of symptoms that appear

Generally, chickenpox sufferers only need handling at home. Things to note is adequate rest and make efforts to improve the immune system. The trick is to eat foods with balanced nutrition. Also, it is also necessary to keep the skin clean by staying bathed and drying the body slowly with a towel.

Treatment of chickenpox is done generally aims to relieve symptoms and maintain skin hygiene to avoid secondary infections. Meanwhile, to reduce the itching of Chickenpox, you can apply calamine lotion or take antihistamine medication. But make sure you have consulted a doctor before giving antihistamine to children. Monitor the fever that appears when you have chickenpox. Fever is a normal body reaction when an infection occurs. High body temperature can kill bacteria, and the virus causes illness. You should only take fever-lowering medication if you feel uncomfortable.

Next, make sure you take care of the chickenpox vigor to reduce the risk of Bacterial infection. Steps that can be done include:

  • Clean the skin with soapy water and soap
  • Always keep your hands clean with routine washing
  • Cut the nails so as not to injure the skin when accidentally scratching
  • Keep clothes dry and clean


Cause of Disease Chickenpox

The cause of chicken pox or varicella simplex is a varicella-zoster virus. This the virus can be transmitted easily and quickly. The disease is spread or through the air. The transmission of chickenpox can occur through:

  • Direct contact with the patient
  • Affected body fluid through sneezing or coughing
  • Holding items previously contacted with the patient, such as sheets or dirty clothes

When to watch out for chicken pox? The time to watch out for is 1-2 days before the red rash appears up to 7 days after it or until the nodules are completely dry and peeling.

Here are the factors that can increase your risk of chickenpox:

  • Never had chicken pox
  • Not getting chickenpox vaccination, especially pregnant women
  • Was in one room with chickenpox for more than 1 hour
  • Have a weak immune system
  • One house with children under 10 years old

Prevention of Disease Chickenpox

To prevent the spread of chickenpox, do not move outside the home first until all the nodules dry and peel. Estimated to take 10 days after the first symptoms appear. Avoid making contact with those who have not received chickenpox vaccination protection.

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