CANDIDIASIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

CANDIDIASIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Candidiasis Disease – To understand the disease candidiasis, can be started by recognizing the candida first. Candida is actually a group of normal mushrooms that live in the human body. The yeast usually lives in small amounts in parts of the body such as mouth, stomach, and skin without giving any problems. However, when there are conditions that change or unusual, this yeast can multiply and grow uncontrollably causing an infection called candidiasis.

Candidiasis or candidiasis that develops in the mouth or throat is called oral thrush or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Candidiasis in the vagina is often referred to as a yeast infection, vaginal yeast or candidiasis vaginal, or vaginitis. Males may also be infected with genital candida infections, although rare.

While invasive candidiasis occurs when candida enters the bloodstream and spreads throughout the body and important organs such as heart, brain, eyes, bones, or other organs. This type of candidiasis is very dangerous and can be life-threatening.

candidiasis
Diagnosis of Candidiasis Disease

In general, doctors can diagnose candidiasis from a physical exam. Sometimes, doctors need to confirm the diagnosis by taking a small sample from the mouth to be tested in the laboratory. While candidiasis vaginal usually has symptoms similar to other vaginal infections. So to be sure, doctors can perform laboratory tests of whitish samples that occur.

Diagnosing invasive candidiasis is generally quite difficult because the patient is usually already suffering from other diseases. Blood samples will be needed if the doctor suspects blood candidiasis. Mushroom cultures will be done to confirm the presence of fungal infections.

Symptoms of Illness Candidiasis

Oral candidiasis may show the following symptoms:

  • White or yellow spots on the tongue, lips, gums, palate, and inner cheeks
  • Redness or pain in the mouth and throat
  • The taste like there is cotton in the mouth
  • The loss of tasting
  • Signs of cracks or redness at the corners of the mouth
  • Pain when swallowing

Candidiasis vaginal may present symptoms that include:

  • Excessive itching in the vagina
  • Swelling of the vulva and vagina
  • Pain and burning when urinating
  • Uncomfortable during intercourse
  • Whitish thick and white colored dull cheese.
  • A man with a candidiasis infection will generally also experience an itchy rash on his penis.

While invasive candidiasis symptoms are usually fever and chills that do not improve with antibiotics. When attacking an organ, it will arise other symptoms that take place by the disruption of the organs that have been infected.

 

Treatment of Disease Candidiasis

In general, treatment of candidiasis is by using antifungal drugs such as nystatin, clotrimazole, miconazole, and fluconazole.

Candida Overgrowth

In vaginal candidiasis can usually be used drugs that are inserted directly into the vagina such as fluconazole ovula. While invasive candidiasis is treated with oral antifungal drugs or through blood vessels.

Several classes of antifungal drugs, both topical and oral, may be given to treat candidiasis, among others:

  • Anti-Fungus azole group. These drugs, especially those packed in topical form, are often given as the first treatment of fungal infections, including candidiasis. In addition to the topical form, azole antifungals may also be administered in oral form to treat systemic candidiasis. Examples of this class of drugs are fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, and
  • Polyene. It is a broad spectrum antifungal drug. Examples are amphotericin B and nystatin.
  • Glucan synthesis inhibitors. This class of antifungal drugs serves to treat candidiasis that is classified as severe, systemic, and invasive. This drug may also be given to candidiasis sufferers who can not be treated with amphotericin B. Examples of glucan synthesis inhibitors are caspofungin, micafungin, and
  • Topical Azole. The function of this drug is the same as other azole antifungals, just packed in topical form as a topical cream. Examples of this drug are clotrimazole, butoconazole, vaginal miconazole, tioconazole, and terconazole vaginal.

As for accelerating the cure of Candida infection around the genitals, you can do the following things:

  • Wearing underwear made of cotton.
  • Do not wear tight underwear.
  • Avoid using soap containing perfumes in sex organs.
  • Keep the sex organs dry, especially after cleaning or after bathing.

Candidiasis that occurs in infants or young children should be of special concern. If neglected or not treated properly, candidiasis infections may develop and spread rapidly. Candidiasis in infants often occurs on the part of the diaper, marked by redness of the skin with clear limits and persists after 3 days. If it happens, immediately do diaper change routinely and put the baby in loose clothing. If necessary, doctors may administer nystatin antifungal drugs to treat candidiasis in infants.

Babies may also have candidiasis in the form of mouth ulcers. Thrush in infants is characterized by cracked mouth and the appearance of white patches on the mouth, tongue, and inside of the cheek. Doctors can give antifungal drugs that are dripped into the baby’s mouth several times a day to treat candidiasis in the mouth.

Cause of Disease Candidiasis

Oral thrush or oral fungus is common in infants, elderly people, and those with low immune systems such as those with HIV / AIDS. Oral candidiasis can also occur in cancer patients, those who consume corticosteroids, diabetics, dentures, and smokers.

Candidiasis vaginal is a health problem that often occurs in women. It is estimated that nearly three out of four women have had this infection. This can happen because too much yeast grows due to disruption of the balance in the vagina. This can happen to women who are pregnant, has diabetes, uses lubricants or unsuitable lubricants, uses spermicides (contraceptives to kill sperm), use of other contraceptives, and when the immune system weakens.

While the risk of invasive candidiasis will increase in people with diabetes, kidney failure, and those who use broad-spectrum antibiotics, using central venous catheters (access to central blood vessels usually around the heart), those being treated in the ICU and the immune system his body is in a weak condition. The disease is also common in those who are hospitalized for long periods or in healthcare facilities such as nursing homes.

candidiasis

Prevention of Disease Candidiasis

Oral candidiasis can be prevented with a fairly easy step, namely by maintaining the cleanliness of teeth and mouth at all times. Also, at certain times they are at high risk can also use a mouthwash containing chlorhexidine. These drugs are used as a precaution for those with low immune systems.

Candidiasis vaginal can be prevented by maintaining intimate organ hygiene and balance the condition of flora (good mushrooms) in the vagina. Use cotton underwear that keeps the condition dry and air circulation going well. This fungal disorder can also spread through sexual contact. So always use the safety when having sex.

Prevention of invasive candidiasis can be done by administering antifungal drugs to those at high risk.

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