BRONCHIOLITIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

BRONCHIOLITIS DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Bronchiolitis Disease – Bronchiolitis is an inflammation of the bronchioles. Bronchiolus itself is a small respiratory tract before it gets to the alveoli in the lungs. The alveolus is a bubble of air in the lungs that serves to exchange air.

This disease generally occurs in children under the age of 2 years, with a peak age of 3-6 months.

Bronchiolitis causes

Bronchiolitis complications, including:

  • Cyanosis or lips and skin will become bluish in color due to lack of oxygen
  • Failed breathing due to low oxygen levels
  • Apnea or experiencing breathing stops is most common in premature infants as well as infants under 2 years of age

Bronchiolitis virus can be transmitted from patient to other people, so the step for prevention is very important can be done by washing hands that use soap before touching the baby while experiencing the flu and use a face mask. Limit interactions with people who are suffering from fever or experiencing cold. As for newborns or with premature so avoid the interaction with people who are experiencing flu at the time of infant less than 2 months.

Diagnosis of Bronchiolitis disease

Bronchiolitis that is not handled correctly can cause shortness of breath so that the child will be trying to breathe. Some of the symptoms below indicate the progress of the disease is already severe:

  • history of breathing stop
  • respiratory frequency> 70 times per minute
  • bluish on the nails and lips
  • chest wall retraction
  • breath the nostrils
  • weak tired
  • fluid intake in 24 hours decreased by more than 50%

Diagnosis based on physical examination by the physician. Chest X-rays can be used as a diagnostic support to distinguish the case of bacterial pneumonia. Test to see the virus causes rarely done and is not recommended for routine use in daily practice.

Bronchiolitis

Symptoms of Illness Bronchiolitis

Some recognizable signs of bronchiolitis include:

  • cough
  • hard to breathe
  • difficulty eating
  • blue lips
  • sluggish

Treatment of Disease Bronchiolitis

Treatment of bronchiolitis is focused on relieving clinical symptoms. Without active surgery, 50% of cases of bronchiolitis will heal by itself in 13 days, and 90% will recover within 3 weeks. However, in some cases, this condition may cause emergency discharge so that handling should be done as soon as possible.

Handling can be done in the form of adequate oxygen delivery, monitoring of vital signs, fluid control, and proper nutrition.

Cause of Disease Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is an inflammation commonly caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). Other viruses that can cause these symptoms are parainfluenza, coronavirus, adenovirus, and rhinovirus.

Some types of viruses that become the underlying factors of bronchiolitis as follows

  1. Adenoviruses

This virus will attack the mucous membrane and cause at least 10% of infections of the acute respiratory tract in children.

  1. Influenza Virus

This virus will cause inflammation in some areas such as lungs, throat, and nose that can be experienced in children and adults and will be very dangerous if it occurs in infants who do not have strong immunity.

  1. Respiratory Sinsital Virus

This virus is a common cause factor of bronchiolitis condition and generally will occur in children aged less than 2 years and more often attack in infants with age less than 1 year. This virus will be contagious and dangerous that can cause swelling, mucus, and swelling of the airways.

Several ways can be done in diagnosing two types of bronchiolitis is by doing chest X-rays that can help doctors to diagnose bronchiolitis. For a tool that can be used in adults called spirometry that can be used to see how much and how fast the patient.

Prevention of Disease Bronchiolitis

Several ways can be done to prevent bronchiolitis attacks, among others:

  • Hand washing with soap with running water is a proven effective way to reduce disease transmission.
  • Breastfeeding exclusively, especially at the age of 0-6 months of life, has substantial evidence to prevent bronchiolitis.