BREAST INFECTION DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

BREAST INFECTION DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding of Breast Infection – Breast infection is an inflammation that occurs in the breast due to bacterial infection. Usually, breast infection, or medically called mastitis, is more common in women who are breastfeeding. At least 5 out of 100 breastfeeding mothers have experienced breast infections.
When mastitis occurs, the breast will swell and reddish. Swelling will cause pain in the breast, especially when exposed to touch.
   mastitis

Diagnosis of Breast Infection

To ensure breast infection, doctors generally perform a direct examination of the breast. However, in cases where symptoms are not typical, occasional routine blood tests (hemoglobin, leukocytes, and platelets) are required.
If breast infection occurs repeatedly or does not improve after medication, examination of pus culture or breast milk from the nipple needs to be done.

Symptoms of Breast Infection

Symptoms of breast infection include fever (body temperature above 38 ° C), which can be accompanied by shivering, and changes in the breast. Breasts look swollen, reddened, felt hard, and pain.
In addition to the things above can also appear reddish lines from the breast to the armpits. When breast infection occurs in breastfeeding women, babies are sometimes reluctant to suckle because of the flavor of breast milk that changes.
 causes mastitis

Treatment of Breast Infection

The main treatment of breast infection is to take antibiotics according to the doctor’s instructions. Generally, within a few days, this problem can be solved.
In addition to taking antibiotics, those with breast infection should do the following:
  • Drinking water in sufficient quantities (at least 1.5-2 liters per day).
  • To be more comfortable, you can take anti-pain medications such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
  • Avoid using tight clothes, including tight bra, until you fully recover.
  • In breastfeeding mothers, continue breastfeeding the baby and empty the breasts on a regular basis (either by pumping breast milk or feeding the baby directly)

 

Cause of Disease Breast Infection

The cause of breast infection in women who are breastfeeding is different from women who are not breastfeeding. In women who are not breastfeeding, breast infection can occur due to a skin injury in the breast that becomes the pathway for bacteria to infect breast tissue. Breast injuries can be found in women who do piercing on the nipple or in women who have skin infections around the breast.
In breastfeeding mothers, breast infection initially occurs due to breast milk that accumulate in the breast. Excessive breastfeeding in the breast will invite germs (bacteria) into the breast and cause infection.
Breastfeeding may occur partly because:
  • Breastfeeding is less appropriate, so little milk is released when the baby sucks the breast.
  • Mothers rarely empty their breasts, such as nursing mothers work but not regularly pumping breast milk every 3-4 hours.
  • Breastfeeding is only on one side of the breast only.

Prevention of Breast Infection

Some things you can do to prevent breast infections are:
  • Avoid any injuries to the breast. If there is a skin infection around the breast, immediately treat. Avoid piercing breast nipples with non-sterile equipment.
  • In nursing mothers, feed your baby at least 3-4 hours and make sure that the feeding method is correct.
  • Avoid using bras and clothes that are too tight.