Understanding Breast Cancer Disease – Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in breast cells. This type of cancer can occur when cells in the breast organs grow by abnormal mechanisms. These cells divide faster than normal cells and accumulate, forming bumps or mass.

If not treated immediately, these abnormal cells can spread to the lymph nodes to other body parts. Also, although much more common in women, breast cancer can also occur in men.


Diagnosis of Breast Cancer Disease

Determination of breast cancer diagnosis can be obtained through a series of medical actions, direct physical examination, and certain investigations. On physical examination, the doctor will examine both breast and lymph glands in the armpit area, to feel for any lumps or other abnormalities.

Common investigations include mammograms that are breast images for breast cancer screening. If the mammogram results indicate an abnormality, the doctor may recommend another investigation process for further evaluation.

Breast ultrasound (ultrasound) can also be performed to determine if the existing breast lump is a solid mass or fluid-filled cyst. Also, examination of Computerized Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may also be done.

A biopsy examination is then a necessary way to confirm the diagnosis of breast cancer. The tissue samples taken at the time of biopsy will be sent to the laboratory to determine whether the cell from the lump is malignant and is a cancer cell or not.


Symptoms of Illness Breast Cancer

Several signs and symptoms of breast cancer need to be aware, such as:

  • Lumps on breast or hardening are different from the surrounding tissue.
  • Change in size, shape, or appearance of the breast.
  • Changes in the breast skin, such as the basin.
  • Retraction or inversion of the nipple.
  • Redness or enlargement of breast skin pores, which can resemble an orange peel.

Sometimes, breast cancer does not show any specific symptoms. Therefore, it is very important to do breast self-examination or breast self-check every month, 10 days after the menstrual period ends. Take care of your breast clockwise.

Consult a doctor if you find something unusual and make you uncomfortable. Also, to realize, you are also advised to screen or screen breast cancer by mammography method regularly at least once a year or as instructed by the doctor.


Treatment of Disease Breast Cancer

Treatment of breast cancer between patients with one another may vary. This depends on the type of cancer experienced, the stage of cancer, the size of the mass, and the sensitivity of cancer cells to hormones. The doctor will also consider the overall health status of the individual as well as the personal preferences of each patient.

Most patients are undergoing surgical procedures for breast cancer also get other treatment before and/or after surgery, such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiation therapy.

Surgical procedures for breast cancer include removal of cancer or lumps (lumpectomy), removal of the entire breast (mastectomy), removal of a limited number of lymph nodes (sentinel node biopsy), or removal of some axillary lymph node dissection. Surgical procedures performed also depend on the stage and spread of breast cancer.

Radiotherapy can also be done using X-ray energy and protons to kill cancer cells. While chemotherapy is done by using drugs to kill cancer cells. Hormone inhibiting therapy may be used when cancer is known to be sensitive to estrogen or progesterone.

Cause of Disease Breast Cancer

The cause of breast cancer is not known for certain. Experts estimate that about five to ten percent of breast cancer incidence rates are associated with genetically-derived gene mutations.

Also, there are several risk factors for breast cancer, namely:

  • Gender. The incidence of breast cancer in women is much higher than in men.
  • Age. Along with increasing age, the risk of breast cancer is increasing.
  • History of breast cancer in yourself. If someone has experienced breast cancer in one breast, the risk of breast cancer on the other side can also increase.
  • History of breast cancer in the family. When a grandmother, mother, aunt, sister, sister, or child is diagnosed with breast cancer, especially at a young age, the risk of breast cancer a person can also increase.
  • Obesity. Being overweight is now associated with a growing number of other health problems such as heart problems, diabetes, and cancer, including breast cancer.
  • Start menstruating at a younger age. Starting menstruation before the age of 12 years is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
  • Start menopause at an older age. Starting menopause at an older age is also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
  • Exposed to radiation
  • Never been pregnant.


Prevention of Disease Breast Cancer

Every woman is advised to apply a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet of nutrition, regular exercise, adequate rest, and good stress management.

Breastfeeding women are known to have a statistically decreased tendency to develop breast cancer later in life. Even so, still rely on a healthy lifestyle for those who have been breastfed or not.

Also, for women who are known to have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, more routine and thorough examination would need to be done. There are several choices of specific methods of checking or health procedures that can be discussed first with a doctor to determine the most ideal prevention strategy.

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