Understanding Atopic Dermatitis Disease – Atopic dermatitis is one type of dermatitis (eczema) that occurs due to inflammation of the skin. This condition can be accompanied by skin that is red, dry, and cracked. Inflammation usually lasts long, even for years.

Atopic dermatitis often appears in areas of skin that have creases. As in the forehead of the face, the area around the eyes and ears, the side of the neck, the inside of the elbow, the back of the knee, and the area around the groin.

Sometimes atopic dermatitis can also be followed by other allergic diseases. Atopic dermatitis is common in infants and children. However, this condition can also occur in adults.

Atopic dermatitis


Atopic dermatitis may cause complications. Complications that occur include:

  • Chronic itching causes scaly skin. A skin condition called neurodermatitis begins with patches of itchy skin.
  • Skin infections Repeated skin erosion can cause injury. This can lead to the risk of bacterial and viral infections, including the herpes simplex virus.
  • Eye problems. Symptoms of eye complications include itching around the eyelid, eyelid inflammation (blepharitis), and inflammation of the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis).
  • Irritant dermatitis. This primarily affects people whose jobs demand that their hands are often wet and exposed to harsh soaps, detergents, and disinfectants.
  • Sleep problems. The itchy cycle can cause you to wake up repeatedly. Ultimately this will degrade your sleep quality.
  • Behavior issues.

Diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis Disease  

The process of diagnosis of atopic dermatitis can be done by doctors through information gathering. The doctor will ask you several things, such as medical history and scratching habits (pruritus).

Atopic dermatitis

Symptoms of Illness Atopic Dermatitis

The most easily recognizable symptoms and signs of atopic dermatitis are severe itchings. The itching sensation will usually worsen at night. Sometimes to interfere with sleep quality of the sufferer.

As the itching worsens, you may find it hard to resist the urge to scratch. The thing is, scratching can make your condition worse. The skin may bleed from scratching, itching, and secondary infection occurs.

In addition to itchiness, there are other signs that you can recognize, such as:

  • Reddish or tan skin.
  • The emergence of small bumps filled with fluid.
  • In the long term, the skin will thicken, cracked, scaly, and rough.

Although more often appear in areas of skin that have a fold, actual atopic dermatitis may appear on the entire surface of the skin.

Treatment of Disease Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis treatment focuses on precipitating factors, including food allergens. Usually, the doctor will give allergy that has the effect of drowsiness to relieve itching at night. However, if there are symptoms of the airway, your meal requires allergy that does not provide the sleepy effect.

Antibiotics will be given when other diseases accompany atopic dermatitis. To prevent skin dryness, keep hydration and use emollients. Avoid also the use of alkaline soaps. If your skin allergy is severe enough, you may need a local corticosteroid by injection.

Cause of Disease Atopic Dermatitis

Here are the causes of atopic dermatitis:

  • Foods, such as milk, fish, eggs, oranges, nuts, wheat.
  • Non-food allergens, such as: dust, detergent, soap, perfume.
  • Stress.
  • Emotional disturbance.
  • Extreme temperatures, such as cold weather with low humidity and dry air.

Prevention of Disease Atopic Dermatitis

You can do several things to prevent atopic dermatitis from recurring. One of the main ones is to avoid triggering factors. If the allergic trigger is dust, avoid dust. If the originator is milk, avoid all foods and drinks containing milk. Doing the following things can also help you:

  • Periodically clean the bedding. Change the sheets and pillowcase at least 2 weeks.
  • Use a blanket when you sleep, especially if you can not stand the cold.
  • Clean the house regularly.

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