APPENDIX DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

APPENDIX DISEASE DEFINITION, PREVENTION, AND TREATMENT

Understanding Appendix Disease – The appendix is ??an inflammation of the appendix or appendix. The appendix is ??a protrusion of the right side of the large intestine that resembles the UK worm. So far it has not been found what the function of appendix because humans can live without these organs. Appendicitis can be experienced by all ages. This condition most often occurs at the age of 18-35 years. However, it is rarely found in under 2 years of age.

Appendix

Diagnosis of Appendix disease

Appendicitis can be difficult to diagnose unless the symptoms are typical-which only appears in 50% of cases. Symptoms of the appendix are often vague or similar to other complaints involving the digestive organs, urinary tract, and reproductive organs.

The most common checks to diagnose appendicitis are:

  • Abdominal examination
  • Examination of urine to rule out urinary tract infections
  • Anal rectal examination
  • Blood tests to see if there is an infection
  • Ultrasound and/or CT scan to see if appendicitis is swollen
  • Pregnancy test for women

If the diagnosis is dubious, it is possible that the doctor will recommend waiting and see the symptoms change within 24 hours.

Symptoms  of Illness Appendix

Typical appendicitis begins with pain or discomfort in the middle of the abdomen (around the navel) that is missing arise. Within 12 to 24 hours, this pain moves and eventually settles in the lower right abdomen area, where the appendix is ??located. Pain may worsen if the sufferer coughs, walks, or emphasis on this area.

Here are the typical symptoms of the appendix:

  • Dull pain in the navel area or upper abdomen is increasingly ‘sharp’ and constant when moving to the lower right abdominal area; this is usually the first symptom to occur
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and/or vomiting as soon as abdominal pain starts to feel
  • A mild to moderate fever (37.2-38.9 oC)
  • Hard to waste

Other symptoms that can arise are:

  • Dull or sharp pain in the upper or lower abdominal area, back, or rectum Pain during urination
  • Vomiting before abdominal pain appears
  • Great stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea or constipation

apendicitis

Treatment of Disease Appendix

The primary treatment for appendicitis is by surgical removal of the appendix or appendectomy. This is done to avoid the risk of rupture of the appendix.

The appendectomy is performed under total anesthesia using open surgery (laparotomy) and laparoscopy. However, laparoscopy cannot be done if the appendix has broken or emerged pocket collection of pus (abscess).

If the appendix has formed an abscess, will be discharged fluid and pus accompanied by antibiotics. New surgery can be done a few weeks later after the infection is resolved.

1 Postoperative recovery

Healing through laparoscopy will be faster and less painless postoperatively. Most patients can go home within 24 hours.

However, it can also arise pain on the edge of the shoulder for about a week. Constipation can also be experienced. To reduce and avoid these flavors, it is recommended to consume enough fibrous foods and beverages.

Whereas in uncomplicated laparotomy, the majority of patients may return after 48 hours.

Complaints that generally arise laparotomy postoperatively is pain and bruises on surgical wounds. This complaint will improve over time. Antinori medications can also be used if necessary. The healing will take longer if the appendix ruptures and causes peritonitis.

2 Handling at home

Here are some things that can be done to accelerate wound healing postoperatively:

  • Limit the activity to 3-5 days after laparoscopy or 10-14 days post laparotomy. Always consult the treating physician, about any activity that needs to be limited and when it can be normal postoperative activity. Heavy activities such as intense exercise or new fitness can be done after 2-4 weeks postoperatively.
  • When coughing, laughing, or moving, apply pressure on the abdomen (e.g., by putting a pillow) to reduce the pain.
  • Start with light physical activity, for example by walking. Then increase gradually when the body feels ready and able.
  • In the postoperative healing period, the patient will feel more sleepy than usual. Therefore, immediately rest when feeling tired.
  • Immediately contact the treating physician if the anti-pain medicines do not help. Disruptive pain will make the body more ‘stress’ and slow the healing process.

During the healing process, infection of the wound can occur. For that, you should immediately contact a doctor. Here are some symptoms you can recognize:

  • Increased pain and swelling in the surgical wound
  • Vomiting over and over
  • High fever
  • There is fluid or pus coming out of the surgical wound
  • The surgical wound feels warm or hot on palpability

Cause of Disease Appendix

This disease occurs when the appendix is ??blocked by feces, foreign objects, or tumors. Infection can also cause blockage of the appendix because normally the appendix will swell in response to an infection in the body.

Prevention of Disease Appendix

  1. Increasing Immune Power

One way that can be used to prevent appendicitis is to improve the body’s immune system. The reason is when the immune system increases the food will not get into the appendix. If the immune weakens in the appendix, there is food that later can rot in the intestine. After decay, there will be an infection and may cause the person to experience abdominal pain. If not treated immediately the infection will cause the appendix to rupture, and the infection may spread to other parts of the intestine.

  1. Eat Fiber Rich Foods

High-fiber foods are foods that can be used to prevent the occurrence of appendicitis. The reason is the inflammation that is in the appendix is ??caused by a lot of feces accumulation. It can be said that the person affected by constipation will have a risk of developing appendicitis. Therefore, people who often experience constipation is better to eat high-fiber foods such as gelatin, vegetables, and fruits. That’s because all these foods contain lots of fiber. The fiber is good for digestion so the feces will soften and the chapter becomes smooth. Loud feces will clog the intestines, especially the appendix.

  1. Do not Delay the Stomach

People who like to delay bowel movements are susceptible to appendicitis. Although it looks trivial, it was holding the bowel movement to cause someone could be affected by appendicitis. When we hold the bowel movement, we will experience a buildup of stools while the buildup of stools is something that can cause appendicitis.

  1. Avoid the Dangers of Holding Farts

Frequent farts there are negative and positive effects. Holding farts is also the reason why a person may experience appendicitis. That’s because when someone farts the digestive tract will be smooth and not clogged. For that, do not ever hold the fart because the clogged digestive tract can be a cause of appendicitis.

  1. Many Consuming White Water

Another way to prevent appendicitis is to consume lots of water. Whitewater can promote digestion and prevent constipation. Strong feces can be softened with fluids in the body. Therefore people who consume less fluid themselves will be susceptible to constipation and also appendicitis. People who sit for hours in front of the computer are also susceptible to experiencing constipation, so it is required to consume 8 glasses of water per day.

  1. Avoid Foods Causes Constipation

There are a variety of foods that can cause constipation, such as low-fiber foods, high-carbohydrate, starch, bark and much more. If you often consume food, it is better you reduce it from now on because constipation can happen to you. Not only that, eating foods that contain lots of gas such as cauliflower and cabbage. Should be avoided. That’s because the food that contains gas makes the stomach becomes sick and feels pithy.

  1. Limit Caffeine intake

Limiting your daily caffeine intake can be useful to prevent constipation. That’s because the caffeine content in tea and coffee can cause a person to get constipated. Though constipation that can cause inflammation of the intestine. (Read: Caffeine-containing foods and beverages – Caffeine Dangers – The dangers of drinking coffee)

  1. Avoid Alcohol

Alcohol can also cause a person with appendicitis. The reason is that this alcohol will absorb the fluid present in the body so that the body will feel dehydrated. People who consume alcohol will always feel the thirst because the body lacks fluids. When the body is dehydrated, then the person is susceptible to constipation. Constipation is the cause of people experiencing appendicitis. In order not to get an appendix it’s good we avoid consuming alcohol (Read: Dangers of alcohol).

  1. Sleep Regularly And Quality

People who sleep irregularly can also develop appendicitis. The reason is when a person is sleeping irregularly the metabolic system of his body becomes irregular. The Less good metabolic system will affect the performance of digestive organs. Therefore, to prevent the occurrence of appendicitis should we sleep quality and regularly. (Read: Due to lack of sleep)

  1. Avoid Purgatives

For those of you who use laxatives to avoid constipation is a good idea you avoid these laxatives. That’s because the laxatives actually in the future can make constipation will get worse. Severe and persistent constipation will cause a person to develop appendicitis.

  1. Avoid Consuming Certain Drugs

Certain drugs can cause a person to get constipated. Drugs such as tranquilizers, depressant drugs are also the cause of constipation. Constipation that strikes too long will cause a person to have appendicitis. Therefore, avoid a variety of drugs that we do not know the side effects, especially sedative and anti-depressant drugs.

  1. Avoid Junk Food

Too much junk food consumption can also cause a person affected by appendicitis. That’s because various kinds of content in junk food can irritate the intestine. Appendicitis can be caused by the danger of junk food even though the percentage is small, while the greatest percentage is caused by constipation.

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